Download Wirnt von Gravenberg's Wigalois: Intertextuality and by N. Thomas PDF

By N. Thomas

Arthurian romance flourished in medieval Germany, however the pre-eminence of Wolfram von Eschenbach has might be overshadowed a few of his successors. This publication specializes in Wirnt von Gravenberg's Wigalois, the later thirteenth-century Arthurian romance. It argues that while authors similar to Der Stricker and Der Pleier keep on with the instance of Hartmann von Aue via restricting themselves to an exploration of the pragmatics of the (fictional) chivalric value-system, the lay ethicist Wirnt chooses to envision the non secular measurement of knightly lifestyles, a subject first broached within the German context through Wolfram in his Grail romance, Parzival. Wirnt frames his romance as a corrective to that of his predecessor by way of making a kind of kingship for his hero that's extra possible than Wolfram's millennial 'Grail realm'. Rejecting the inspiration of a fantastic house altogether, Wirnt's naturalistic descriptions of his hero's kingship provide expression to a harmonisation of Arthurian and theocratic components. the writer hence means that Wigalois isn't lots a paler imitation of Parzival as an inventive war of words with the thought-world of its extra recognized predecessor.

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115–116). ‘As Arthur’s nephew Gauvain represents the established power, the haute noblesse, primogeniture – three forces hostile respectively to barons, petite noblesse and landless knights’ (Stephen Knight, Arthurian Literature and Society [London: Methuen, 1983], p. 84). Schießl characterises the narratorial stance as ‘staufisch eingestellt’ (‘Die Gawangestalt’, p. 93). 94 Just as the old Helmbrecht expatiates somewhat uncritically on an idealised chivalric yesteryear, Wirnt situates his romance chronologically within an imagined Arthurian heyday when, we are informed, even egregious malefactors could be relied upon to keep their word once they had been shown the error of their ways: Bî den zîten was der sit: – Dâ behielten si ir triuwe mit – Swer deheinen eit zebrach, Swâ man den immer mê gesach, Der was ungenaeme, Den liuten widerzaeme, Als der tôtsieche man Der von der werlte wirt getân.

See also Elisabeth Lienert, ‘Zur Pragmatik höfischen Erzählens. Erzähler und Erzählerkommentare in Wirnts von Gravenberg Wigalois’, Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 234 (1997), pp. 263–75. ‘Die Artusromane des 13. Jahrhunderts schildern die Wege ihrer Protagonisten aus der Bedeutungslosigkeit und Anonymität bis zu deren Einordnung in die höfische Gesellschaft. Sie demonstrieren dabei, wie die Orientierung an höfischen Normen und Werten zu persönlichem und gesellschaftlichem Erfolg führen kann und fordern so zur Nachahmung auf.

A. T. Hatto, ‘Introduction to a Second Reading’, p. 415. 106 The moral justification of this political system lies (in the classic gloss supplied by the Lady of the Lake to Lancelot) not in an original inequality of persons but in the fact that after the Fall the strong and wicked began to oppress the weak, and that God was obliged henceforth to decree that the noblest in mind and body should be set above other men in order to ensure justice for the disadvantaged: Et tant sachiez vos bien que chevaliers ne fu mie faiz a gas ne establiz, et non pas por ce qu’il fussient au commencement plus gentil home ne plus haut de lignage l’un des autres, car d’un pere et d’une mere (sc.

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