Download White biotechnology for sustainable chemistry by Maria Alice Coelho, Bernardo D Ribeiro, James H Clark, Peter PDF

By Maria Alice Coelho, Bernardo D Ribeiro, James H Clark, Peter R Seidl, Aline Machado de Castro, Roger Sheldon, Andres Illanes, Ganapati Yadav, Debora de Oliveira, Isabel Marrucho, Isabel Belo, Priscilla Amaral, Alessandro Simas, Anita Marsaioli, S Shoda, G

White biotechnology is using enzymes and microorganisms in business creation via utilized biocatalysis. this enables for milder response stipulations (pH and temperature) and using extra environmentally-compatible catalysts and solvents. This, in flip, ends up in procedures that are shorter, generate much less waste, making them either environmentally and economically extra beautiful than traditional routes.

This e-book describes using white biotechnology in the sustainable chemistry idea, protecting waste minimization; using substitute solvents (supercritical fluids, pressurized gases, ionic beverages and micellar platforms) and energies (microwaves and ultrasound); sustainable ways for the construction of good and bulk chemical compounds (aromas, polymers, prescribed drugs and enzymes); using renewable assets and agro-industrial residues; and biocatalysts recycling.

Covering business approaches and new applied sciences, this publication combines services from academia and undefined. it's a useful source for researchers and industrialists operating in biotechnology, eco-friendly chemistry and sustainability.

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2011, 15, 912. T. Hudlicky, D. A. Frey, L. Koroniak, C. D. Claeboe and L. E. , 1999, 1, 57. M. Eissen and J. O. –Eur. , 2002, 8, 3580. R. Landsiedel and P. Saling, Int. J. , 2002, 5, 261. P. Saling, Appl. Microbiol. , 2005, 68, 1. D. R. Shonnard, A. Kircherer and P. Saling, Environ. Sci. , 2003, 37, 5340. C. Jimenez-Gonzalez, A. D. Curzons, D. J. C. Constable and V. L. Cunningham, Int. J. , 2004, 9, 114. J. G. Moretz-Sohn Monteiro, O. de Queiroz Fernandes Araujo and J. Luiz de Medeiros, Clean Technol.

Sulfonations, nitrations, halogenations, diazotisations and Friedel–Crafts acylations, employing stoichiometric amounts of mineral acids (H2SO4, HF, H3PO4) and Lewis acids (AlCl3, ZnCl2, BF3) are major sources of waste. 4) are highly atom efficient, low-salt processes. 4 Atom  efficient catalytic processes. 1039/9781782624080-00009 44 catalytic amounts. 45 The relatively large E factors in pharmaceuticals manufacture can also be ascribed to the multi-step syntheses that are widely used in this industry segment.

2011, 13, 2948. R. Rinaldi and F. Schüth, Energy Environ. , 2009, 2, 610. R. A. Sheldon, Catal. Today, 2011, 167, 3. 1039/9781782624080-00036 Chapter 3 Biocatalysis in Organic Media A. 1 Enzyme Structure and Function Each one of the chemical reactions of cell metabolism in all living forms is catalyzed by an enzyme. Enzymes are quite evolved forms of catalysts that have been tailored to perform efficiently under the mild conditions required for the integrity and functionality of biological systems.

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