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By Hajime Nakamura

A landmark comparative research, this quantity analyzes the attribute concept styles of 4 Asian peoples--the Indians, the chinese language, the japanese, and the Tibetans--as those are printed of their language, their common sense, and their cultural items. Hajime Nakamura focuses fairly at the effect of Buddhism, looking to make clear the ways that Buddhism and Indian common sense have been brought from India into China, Japan, and Tibet, and the way this common faith and good judgment has develop into modifed in keeping with the local features of every humans.

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Additional resources for Ways of Thinking of Eastern Peoples: India, China, Tibet, Japan (Revised) (National Foreign Language Center Technical Reports)

Sample text

There have been people who regard the learning and the scientific methods established in the modern West as the only absolute ones, and such a thought-tendency seems to remain fairly influential at present. This may be only natural but we ought to be critical as well as appreciative of the learning and sciences of the modern West. Learning in the future may be reformed and developed by Western advances reinforced by the results of studies in Eastern cultures. Comparative Study of Ways of Thinking and Philosophy A study of ways of thinking of the East Asians, at the same time, should be compared critically with the studies of Western philosophy.

He therefore rejected the phenomenal status of these Ideas but recognized their metaphysical function. And it is well-known that Kant grounded his practical philosophy (ethics) on these regulative Ideas. It is this regulative function that constitutes the "general human concept" lying behind the metaphysical reality of such Ideas. It is not certain whether he himself was aware of it, but in any case there was a traditional religio-ethical concept among Westerners which made him set up these Ideas, for his Ideas are not necessarily taken for granted among East Asians in general.

The attempt on the part of man, however, to assert himself and to conquer nature was not uncommon in East Asia. In China and India as well, the construction of canals, banks, water tanks, and ramparts was undertaken. On the other hand, the yearning for nature appeared also in the West, in which people sought to return to nature. Accordingly, on this point also, it is very difficult for us to make a clear distinction between the two spheres. Concerning problems of philosophy, the opposition of subject and object, for instance, was already taken up in ancient Indian philosophy.

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