By Liliana B. Andonova
In Transnational Politics of our surroundings Liliana Andonova examines the impression of the Europen Union (EU) at the environmental regulations of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, and Poland. Compliance with european environmental laws is in particular exhausting for valuable and japanese eu nations as a result expenses concerned and the legacy of toxins from communist-era industries. yet Andonova argues that european integration has a good influence on environmental guidelines in those nations by means of exerting a robust effect at the environmental pursuits of regulated industries. along with her empirical research of chemical defense and pollution guidelines from 1990 to 2000, she indicates that export-competitive industries comparable to the chemical that may make the most of fiscal integration have an incentive to undertake european norms. against this, industries corresponding to electrical utilities that basically serve the household marketplace stay against european environmental criteria and needs to be prodded via their very own governments to enforce environmental-protection measures. those ameliorations in household pursuits significantly impression the process reforms and the adoption of european standards.Transnational Politics of our surroundings demanding situations the present specialize in intergovernmental cooperation among East and West via highlighting the jobs of industries, transnational norms, and household associations in selling switch in environmental legislation. It bargains a generalizable framework for realizing the politics of environmental rules in rising industry economies, and is helping bridge the divide among the examine of family and foreign environmental politics.
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Extra resources for Transnational Politics of the Environment: The European Union and Environmental Policy in Central and Eastern Europe (Global Environmental Accord: Strategies ... Sustainability and Institutional Innovation)
Research Design and Summary of Findings This book offers a two-tier approach to understanding the interaction between international and domestic environmental politics in Central and Eastern Europe. It posits that EU integration has altered the scope of domestic support for environmental reforms, creating strong incentives among export-oriented and multinational sectors to support integration and regulatory harmonization. Where such incentives are absent, however, the structure and capacity of domestic institutions play a strong Introduction 27 role in facilitating or impeding the internalization of EU standards.
8 At the same time, the chemical industry is among the most attractive in the Czech economy for foreign direct investment. 12 The strong international orientation of the chemical industry, its high dependence on environmentally sensitive EU markets since 1990, and the process of EU accession have profoundly affected the position of the sector and its role in environmental politics. 13 The proactive environmental position of the chemical industry association closely reflects the preferences of large chemical companies engaged in exports to the EU, which are the association’s most influential members.
This book offers a generalizable framework for tracing the differential impact of international markets, transnational organizations, and norms on domestic interests in regulatory politics and the implications for policy adjustment under international constraints. The contribution of a two-level analysis of environmental politics is particularly important for environmental studies, which were long split between analyses of international regimes and analyses of domestic regulations. Scholars who examine the influence of transnational actors recently questioned this split.