By Miriam Butt
Case, a method which marks the relationships among phrases in a sentence, is prime to each language. taking a look at how diverse theories of syntax have accounted for the distribution of case throughout languages, this available 2006 textbook introduces many of the ways to case which were proposed in sleek linguistics. truly organised into subject matters, it offers starting scholars with an exceptional realizing of the information at the back of the improvement of theories of case. For the extra complicated reader, it offers theories which were formulated in regards to the interplay among case morphology, argument constitution, grammatical kin and semantics, and gives an in depth cross-theoretical dialogue of ways those are influenced. every one bankruptcy comprises useful routines, encouraging scholars to have interaction with the information mentioned. Drawing on information from a variety of languages and pooling jointly numerous views, Theories of Case is vital examining for all these learning this significant quarter of linguistics.
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Additional resources for Theories of Case
Researchers such as Lakoff (1971) and McCawley (1972) showed that the use of disjunctive possibilites within transformations resulted in a loss of generalization and that the kinds of (very complex) transformations being worked out within TG in principle permitted an application to arbitrary sets of categories which had nothing much in common (see 26 T HEORIES OF C ASE Bresnan 1977 for a good discussion of the issues at stake). Another deep concern was prompted by efforts to interface the syntactic generalizations with the newly developing field of formal semantics, based on Montague’s work (Montague 1973).
After 2-1 advancement has taken place, there are two 1s in the relational network. This situation is outlawed by another crosslinguistically applicable law, namely the Stratal Uniqueness Law in (25), which prohibits the co-occurrence of more than one subject, object or indirect object per clause within a single stratum. Crosslinguistically, this generalization is bolstered by a solid amount of evidence. (25) The Stratal Uniqueness Law: No more than one nominal can head an arc with a given term in a given stratum.
F OUNDATIONAL P ERSPECTIVES 19 of S¯ıbawaihi. The structure of his grammar differs quite markedly from those of the Greek/Roman or Indian traditions: syntactic questions are followed by derivational morphology and finally, phonology and phonetics. , Lechner 1998). , a language in which the verb is sentence initial, followed by the subject and then the object. Arabic had three of what we would recognize as case markers: accusative (nas. b), genitive (jarr) and nominative (raf‘), associated with the underlying vowels /a/, /i/ and /u/, respectively.