By Marie L. Griffin
Griffin performed a survey of all detention officials in Maricopa County, Arizona, a prison procedure identified for punitive rules and for a sheriff with a countrywide acceptance for severity. Griffin's findings point out that attitudes towards the use strength are stimulated through authority, worry of victimization, caliber of supervision, institutional operations, and function ambiguity. those findings recommend that interactions among officials and supervisory body of workers and interactions at once with inmates have a extra direct impression at the use strength than both perceptions of the bigger association or an officer's person features.
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Additional info for The Use of Force by Detention Officers (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship) (Criminal Justice Recent Scholarship)
Secondly, it is hypothesized that measurements of climate have indirect effects on a detention officer's expressed readiness to use force via their effects on both job satisfaction and job stress. Finally, it is hypothesized that the observed effects of climate on an officer's expressed readiness to use force will remain statistically significant when the individual characteristics of the officer are controlled. CHAPTER 3 The Socio-Cultural Environment Analysis of climate occurs at the individual, group, organization and socio-cultural levels.
As such, indicators of climate appear to be better predictors of officer attitudes. This summary of the literature focusing on several of the more salient relationships between climate variables and officer attitudes and behaviors illustrates some of the issues associated with research on social climate and correctional officers. Generally, indicators of organizational climate tend to be better predictors of outcome behavior than individual-level variables. This literature review also points to the need for more consistency in the operationalization of variables across studies in an effort to build a coherent body of knowledge.
The effort to develop an integrated framework introduces a certain amount of complexity, however it is a critical step toward understanding the 22 The Use Of Force By Detention Officers influence of both macro and micro organizational characteristics on organizational behavior and attitudes. An Issue of Aggregation While the issue of aggregation has been touched upon briefly in the discussion of different levels of analysis, a more thorough treatment of the subject is warranted. The debate over the validity of aggregate data is difficult to separate from earlier discussions regarding the appropriate level of analysis for climate research.