By James A. Millward
The word "silk road" inspires bright scenes of retailers top camel caravans throughout enormous stretches to alternate unique items in glittering Oriental bazaars, of pilgrims braving bandits and frozen mountain passes to unfold their religion throughout Asia. taking a look at the truth at the back of those photographs, this Very brief creation illuminates the ancient historical past opposed to which the silk highway flourished, laying off gentle at the value of old-world cultural trade to Eurasian and international heritage.
On the only hand, historian James A. Millward treats the silk street extensively, to face in for the cross-cultural verbal exchange among peoples around the Eurasian continent in view that at the very least the Neolithic period. at the different, he highlights particular examples of products and ideas exchanged among the Mediterranean, Persia, India, and China, besides the importance of those exchanges. whereas together with silks, spices, and travelers' stories of colourful locales, the booklet explains the dynamics of critical Eurasian historical past that promoted Silk highway interactions--especially the position of nomad empires--highlighting the significance of the organic, technological, inventive, highbrow, and spiritual interchanges around the continent. Millward exhibits that those exchanges had a profound influence at the outdated global that was once comparable to, if no longer at the scale of, smooth globalization. He additionally disputes the concept the silk street declined after the cave in of the Mongol empire or the outlet of direct sea routes from Europe to Asia, displaying how silk street phenomena persisted in the course of the early sleek and smooth enlargement of the Russian and chinese language states throughout imperative Asia.
Millward concludes that the assumption of the silk highway has remained robust, not just as a favored identify for boutiques and eating places, but in addition in glossy politics and international relations, similar to U.S. Secretary of kingdom Hilary Clinton's "Silk street Initiative" for India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan
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Extra resources for The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
51 The Dutch continued to be worried by Muhammadiah, the only organizational threat they perceived in the 1930s. Yet despite the politicization of its uleebalang leadership Dutch officials were anxious that they should retain control, to prevent the greater danger of a challenge to uleebalang dominance of Acehnese society. T o the great majority of Acehnese Muhammadiah and the national movement it represented were extremely remote. The young westernized uleebalang of Kutaraja had hardly more claim on their support than the 'foreign' Minangkabaus and Javanese.
Although a few uleebalang were associated with its foundation, 59 Jamiatul Diniyah could not rely like most of the other new schools on a single powerful uleebalang patron. The rivalries among the fragmented Pidie statelets were too great, and the richest of them, Keumangan, was hostile. This weakness became a strength in the hands of Daud Beureu'eh, who took his appeal to the people by extensive use of tabligh (public sermons). 60 It was especially the young leader of the movement that people wanted to hear.
16. Liefrink report, 31 July 1909, pp. 66-7, Mailr. 1280/09. 17. Broersma, p. 123; MvO Atjeh, Goedhart, 1929, pp. 31-2, Mailr. 28 x /29: M. H. du Croo, General Swart: Pacificator van Atjeh (Maastricht, NeiterNypels, 1943), pp. 130-1. 18. I use this artificial word for an artificial concept which in Dutch was rendered landschap or (in Aceh) uleebalangschap. It was that part of Netherlands India over which the Dutch had acknowledged the hereditary claims of a ruler, who had signed either the Korte Verklaring of complete submission or (in the case of six East Sumatran rulers) a long Political Contract.