By S. Aggarwal-Khan
This ebook questions the practices within the coverage tactics of foreign associations. It appears on the formal and casual practices which are many times undertaken as a part of the constitution of overseas coverage approaches, and analyses how humans behave and with what consequence for overseas environmental governance.
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Additional resources for The Policy Process in International Environmental Governance
42 These people include various national representatives from nation states, including policy-makers, those responsible for implementing policy at the national level and local government authorities. 43 Individuals acting in their own right are another source of influence. 45 They show how these different people pursue very different agendas that can take policy implementation in different directions depending on which perspectives are heard at the negotiating table. Institutions are the structures through which social interactions between people occur.
Several actions may occur. Policy implementers may interact with policy-makers or policy itself by modifying or adapting new policy directives to suit their own institutional or individual interests or objectives. They may completely ignore new policies that offer little benefit to their efforts to achieve certain objectives. Many national agencies charged with policy implementation have to face the challenges of implementation amidst inadequate staffing, capacity and budgets and competing agendas of different sectors of government and society.
9 Such an understanding of shifting cultivation resulted in solutions that were not always conducive in improving the management of the environment. 11 These scholars however show how the causes of erosion in the Himalayas often stem from large-scale land clearance and lowland floods that are not a result of farming. The usual policy solutions involving changing farming practices and reducing population size are therefore inappropriate. The environmental problem in the Himalayas discussed above is a result of the framing of the problem as erosion caused by farming.