By Ronald J. Herring
Nutrients has, for many of our species historical past, been intensely political: who will get to consume what, how usually, and during what potential? the size of polity in query has shifted through the years, from very neighborhood associations dividing up grain piles to a world neighborhood imagined within the Millennium improvement targets of the United international locations. at the same time, the numbers and pursuits of individuals saying political stakes in meals and agriculture have likewise shifted up and out. international networks suggest social justice in distal agrarian structures, merchandising of a few farming ideas and prohibition of others, nutrition sovereignty or efficiencies of markets and alternate. Political consumerism permits the well-endowed to "vote with their cash" for adjustments in nutrients structures faraway from domestic, yet is dependent upon certification and labeling from unseen associations. As an item of governmentality, nutrients hasn't ever been so well-liked.
The thirty-five instruction manual chapters confront 4 significant topics within the politics of meals: estate, know-how, justice and information. Ronald Herring's editorial advent asks how meals is political, highlighting rivalry round the position of industry, country and data in societal judgements. the 1st component to the instruction manual then examines expertise, technological know-how and information in nutrition creation. what's recognized - and disputed - approximately malnutrition, poverty and meals safety? the second one part addresses ethics, rights and distributive justice: agrarian reform, gender inequality, entitlements and subsidies, and the social imaginative and prescient of the choice meals circulate. The 3rd part appears to be like to intersections of agriculture and nature: wild meals, cattle, agro-ecological techniques to sustainability, and weather switch and genetic engineering. The fourth part addresses meals values and tradition: political consumerism, labeling and certification, the technological know-how and cultural politics of meals defense, values using law of genetically converted meals and capability coexistence of GMOs, and natural and standard plants. The 5th and ultimate part appears at frontiers of world contentions: rival transnational advocacy networks, social routine for natural farming, the who and why of overseas land grabbing, junctures of cosmopolitan and native meals narratives, the "supermarket revolution" and the overseas agrifood in low-income nations, and politics of information in agricultural futures.
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Extra resources for The Oxford Handbook of Food, Politics, and Society
Market, State, and Knowledge 17 how ideas matter in food politics: The GMO is the anchor of the ideational continuum. Nevertheless, ideas figure prominently in framing other spheres of food politics in similar ways, though with less controversy around the normative and empirical dimensions of contested knowledge. “Junk” food offers an illustration. Junk Food: State, Market, and Choice Politics centered on the question of what is to be produced? are mediated by new, and less contested, knowledge interpolated by states and civil-society organizations.
Agreement on how to settle disputed claims of knowledge, safety, and ethics has kept up with neither the pace of technological change nor the organization of contentious politics. Of special importance is the thread running through a number of chapters: the empirical contingency of normative claims. Coming together on desired end states is easier than reaching agreement on the empirically complex issue of means to ends, whether in sustainability or poverty alleviation. 62 Claimants for a legitimate voice in deciding how grain piles should be produced and how food should be distributed have multiplied, ever more distant from the grain pile itself.
Though political economy usefully centers interests, and thus structures from which interests are derived, Mark Blyth reminds us that “structures do not come with an instruction sheet” (2003). The relationship between one’s position in a structure and political behavior is mediated in complicated ways. In some politics, even recognizing an interest requires cognitive processing: No one recognized interests in global warming prior to the science that connected future outcomes to present human behaviors.