By Rui Diogo
The ebook offers perception at the osteology, myology, phylogeny and evolution of Osteichthyes. It not just offers an in depth cladistic research of osteichthyan higher-level inter-relationships in keeping with a phylogenetic comparability of 356 characters in eighty extant and fossil terminal taxa representing all significant teams of Osteichthyes, but additionally analyses a variety of terminal taxa and osteological characters. and likewise offers a normal dialogue on concerns similar to the comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of osteichthyan cranial and pectoral muscle groups, the advance of zebrafish cephalic muscle groups and the results for evolutionary developmental experiences, the foundation homologies and evolution of 1 of the main strange and enigmatic structural complexes of osteichthyans, the Weberian equipment, and using myological as opposed to osteological characters in phylogenetic reconstructions
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Additional resources for The Origin of Higher Clades: Osteology, Myology, Phylogeny and Evolution of Bony Fishes and the Rise of Tetrapods
2004). , 1996; Lecointre and Le Guyader, 2001; Kardong, 2002). An updated list of other potential synapomorphies of this clade is given in the work of Gardiner et al. (2005). 2). This cladistic analysis thus strongly supports the hypothesis that the Ginglymodi and the Halecomorphi are more closely related to Teleostei than to Chondrostei (Figs. 3, 4). Lepisosteus: [100: 0à1], [130: 0à1], [162: 0à1], [215: 0à1], [335: 0à1] As mentioned above, Lepisosteus is one of the two living genera of Ginglymodi (the other is Atractosteus), and was thus chosen to represent the extant members of this clade in the cladistic analysis.
Figure 12 Polyodon spathula: Lateral view of cephalic muscles (modified from Danforth, 1913; the nomenclature of the structures illustrated basically follows that of this author). ' Figure 13 Polyodon spathula: Lateral view of the pectoral girdle muscles (modified from Danforth, 1913; the nomenclature of the structures illustrated basically follows that of this author). , 1997; Findeis, 1997). Psephurus: [79: 0à1] This feature has been proposed by Grande and Bemis (1991, 1996), Bemis et al. (1997) and others as a potential synapomorphy of the family Polyodontidae.
Gymnotus carapo: INHS 35493, 2 (alc). MNCN 115675, 2 (alc). Kneria wittei: MRAC P-33512, 2 (alc). Nematogenys inermis: USNM & 084346, 2 (alc). Opsariichthys uncirostris: MNCN 56668, 3 (alc). Parakneria abbreviata: MRAC 99-090-P-703, 3 (alc). 137982, 3 (alc). Pimelodus blochii: LFEM, 2 (alc), 1 (c&s). Silurus aristotelis: LFEM, 2 (alc). Silurus glanis: LFEM, 2 (alc). Sternopygus macrurus: CAS 48241, 1 (alc); INHS 62059, 2 (alc). Trichomycterus areolatus: LFEM, 2 (alc). Xenocharax spilurus: MRAC A0-048-P-2539, 3 (alc).