By Regina Pally
The new explosion of data in neuroscience has huge, immense implications for the perform of psychoanalysis, and The Mind-Brain Relationship bargains an quintessential advent to the possible unusual, intimidating, and but interesting and crucial box of neuropsychoanalysis.
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Extra resources for The Mind Brain Relationship
Scient+Awican, August issue: 78-83. L. (1992). Perception of social acts in primates: cogniBROTHERS, tion and neurobiology. Neurosciences, 4: 409-414. CALVERT, C. A. ET AL. (1997). Activation of auditory cortex during silent lip reading 8cience, 276: 593-595. CALVIN,W. H. (1996). The Cerebral Code. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. CORBETTA,M. E ET AL. (1991). Selective and divided attention during visual discrimination of color, shape and speed: functional 40 REGINA PALLY anatomy ofpositron emission tomography.
They are sometimes referred to as re-entry circuits (Edelman, 1989). These cortico-cortical connections allow sensory information to flow both ways between regions of the cortex, providing the means by which separate sensory regions can influence one another and separate sensory cues can be integrated with one another. 24 REGINA PALLY Neuroscientists hypothesise that cortico-cortical connections are responsible for the optical illusion of visual contours (Crick, 1994). In the Kaniza triangle (Figure 1 below) an observer sees a triangle extending between the 'pac man' like shapes, even though the lines of the triangle do not 'objectively' exist.
For example, a process called 'elaborative' or 'deep' encoding involves consciously reflecting on information and making associations between what is to be remembered and information you already have (Kosslyn, 1994). T o remember a list of words, you might pair each word with a visual image. 'Semantic' elaborative encoding is the making of conceptual associations with the information to be remembered. Subjects who are asked to remember a list of words, 'dog, floor, shirt, car' are more likely to remember the words if they make semantic, conceptual associations (dog is a type of animal) than if they make non-seman tic associations (dog has only one vowel).