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By Nili Samet

The aim of this booklet is to provide a revised variation of the Sumerian Lamentation over the Destruction of Ur, a lament bewailing the autumn of the fantastic Ur III state in 2004 B.C.E.

Lamentation is a widely known style in global literature. Laments of varied varieties are a part of the cultural legacy and literary corpus of many societies, from old to trendy occasions, and Sumerian literature is not any exception. in spite of the fact that, Mesopotamian lamentation literature contains a major physique of laments belonging to a distinct and nearly exceptional style the style of lamentations over the destruction of towns and temples. This style has no identified historic parallel outdoor the traditional close to East; extra in particular, it truly is virtually completely attested in Sumerian and biblical literature. The Lamentation over the Destruction of Ur is the main recognized and significant exemplar of the city-laments.

In this up-to-date and revised ebook of the Lamentation over the Destruction of Ur, Samet presents an introductory dialogue of Sumerian city-laments generally; an entire presentation of the textual content of the Ur Lament, together with transliteration, translation, and an in depth philological statement; and an accounting of the extant textual witness in rating layout. Plates with colour photographs of many texts are included.

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Additional resources for The Lamentation Over the Destruction of Ur

Sample text

149.  430. 150. Lines 429–30 recall the first-millennium er2-ša3-huĝ-ĝa2 prayers, as well as the concluding “heart pacification” units of the late er2-šem3-ma prayers (see recently Klein 2006: 139; Gabbay 2007: 8 passim).  435). 151. These lines concerning the people are somewhat obscure. Others interpret them as a request from Nanna to absolve the sins of the people and purify their hearts. 1. Previous Editions and Translations The Ur lament was the first Sumerian City Lament to be fully reconstructed and translated.

129.  280– 81.  282, the plundered possessions are referred to using the simile of flying birds. See comment on this line. 130. Note that, according to one manuscript (P), the last couplet of the lament refers to the destroyed city, in keeping with the general theme of the concluding passage of this lament.  297–98. 131.  283.  329). 132. In this summary of the second lament, I am not including lines 302–3, which appear only in P. See comment on these lines. Introduction For the sake of her devastated city she approached him, bitterly she weeps.

107.  175. 108.  107). 109.  114–15. 110.  122. Introduction 21 not only the extent and intensity of the destruction but also its suddenness and unexpectedness— “the day that came to be” changed Ur’s fate all at once.  123 express the unbearable easiness of the destruction of the strong, magnificent temple by the sudden storm. The stressing of the sudden, irresistible destruction has a theological dimension.  114, 117, and 127 is aimed at providing an explanation for the destruction. ” This line reflects the common Sumerian belief that the end of a reign comes when its appointed duration expires.

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