By Rhiannon Vickers
This can be the 1st publication in a two-volume set that appears on the overseas coverage of the Labour celebration during the twentieth century, and into the early years of the hot millennium. those books rectify the lack of literature on either the political ideology and historical past of Labour's overseas coverage. via an in-depth political background of Labour's international coverage within the first half the 20th century this primary quantity produces a brand new theorization of the character of the party's international coverage. It demonstrates that from its inception, the Labour social gathering has been deeply curious about and attracted to foreign affairs. The publication additionally indicates truly that Labour has supplied an enormous contribution to the advance of international coverage in Britain.
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Extra resources for The Labour Party and the World, vol. 1: The evolution of Labour's foreign policy, 1900-51
Vic02 10/15/03 2:10 PM Page 43 MAIN POLITICAL INFLUENCES 43 The Boer War The Boer War is significant because it raised the profile of foreign policy within the Labour Party from the very start of its organisational life. At the first annual conference of the LRC on Friday 1 February 1901, a resolution on the Boer War forwarded by the ILP was unanimously agreed to. 47 Keir Hardie argued that ‘The [Boer] war is a capitalist war. 49 He drew on both Marxist explanations of the Boer War as the result of the inevitable decay of monopoly capitalism, and radical explanations of the war as the result of a small band of gold speculators.
14 This is intended merely to provide some background on the party’s emergence. For more detailed accounts see the readings listed below. 15 See Henry Pelling, The Origins of the Labour Party, 1880–1900 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2nd edn, 1965), ch. 1. 16 G. D. H. Cole, British Working Class Politics, 1832–1914 (London: Routledge, 1941), p. 5. 17 Julius Braunthal, History of the International, vol. 1, 1864–1914, translated by Henry Collins and Kenneth Mitchell (London: Thomas Nelson, 1966), pp.
Foreign policy should not be pursued by individual states, aiming at creating alliances for the purpose of maintaining a balance of power, but through a supranational body with the capability of securing international agreements. It was argued in the House of Commons by Lees-Smith during a discussion on German peace proposals that ‘I believe security can only be obtained by a scheme by which the nations of Europe and outside agree together that all will guarantee each and each will guarantee all … we shall achieve the purposes of this War not according to whether or not we obtain a military decision, but according to whether or not there is created out of it a league of nations’ with ‘an absolute and decisive veto upon any mere aggression’.