Download The Functional Approach to Programming by Guy Cousineau, Michel Mauny PDF

By Guy Cousineau, Michel Mauny

A programming direction may still pay attention to a program's logical constitution and layout instead of on easily writing code. The sensible method of programming achieves this goal simply because logical thoughts are obvious and courses are obvious, and so could be written fast and cleanly. during this booklet, the authors emphasize the notions of functionality and relate programming to ordinary options from arithmetic and common sense. They introduce useful programming through examples but additionally clarify what courses compute and the way to cause approximately them. They exhibit how the tips should be applied within the Caml language, a dialect of the ML kinfolk, and provides examples of ways advanced courses from a number of components (such as mathematics, tree algorithms, graph algorithms, textual content parsing and geometry) might be built in shut contract with their requisites. Many routines and examples are integrated during the ebook; suggestions also are on hand. An appendix supplies the entire code utilized in the e-book in commonplace ML.

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N ([a_1 ..... seU = s_1, .... s_n Typausdriicke a_i fur i = 1..... b, a, b ganze Zahlen AufzaWungstyp enum[c_1 ..... #c_n c_1 ..... c_n Konstanten Typdefinition type T = s. s Typausdruck Tab. 2-1 Eine Auswahl von Grunddatentypen und ihren Funktionen Auf die Darstellung der gesamten Spezifikationssprache sei an dieser Stelle verzichtet. 3 verwiesen. 2 MOS - Die Beschreibungstechniken 34 MOS verfolgt damit einen hybriden Ansatz, der die ModeIlierung von Objekten und Werten vereint. Dies bietet den Vorteil, primitive Strukturen kurz, pragnant und flexibel darstellen zu konnen.

Das Sequenzdiagramm SOOberweisen in Abb. 2-18 enthalt drei Objekte, zwei Kontoobjekte konto1 und konto2 und ein Objekt der Klasse Bank; konto1 und konto2 sind vom Entwickler vergebene Objektnamen, das Bankobjekt bleibt in der Spezifikation anonym. Der Nachricht Oberweisen ist im Diagramm kein sendendes Objekt zugeordnet, was bedeutet, dass der Sender nicht naher spezifiziert ist und ein beliebiges Objekt sein kann. Die durch Sequenzdiagramme beschriebenen Folgen von Nachrichten werden in MOS als exemplarische Ablaufe interpretiert.

2-1 zeigt anhand zweier Klassen Kunde und Konto, wie Klassen und Attribute in Klassendiagrammen dargestellt werden. 1m folgenden wahlen wir die Konvention, dass Klassennamen mit GroBbuchstaben beginnen und fett gedruckt sind und Attributnamen mit Kleinbuchstaben beginnen. Wie in den meisten graphischen Werkzeugen Ublich, kann die Attributsektion (oder andere Sektionen) einer Klasse ausgeblendet sein. B B Kunde name adresse gebdatum Kanta kontonummer kontostand Abb. B. die Kontonummer 100200 und der Kontostand 1000.

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