By Peter Gardenfors
This quantity is a suite of a few of crucial philosophical papers by way of Peter Gärdenfors. Spanning a interval of greater than twenty years of his learn, they hide a large flooring of subject matters, from early works on determination idea, trust revision and nonmonotonic common sense to newer paintings on conceptual areas, inductive reasoning, semantics and the evolutions of considering. a few of the papers have in simple terms been released in locations which are tough to entry. the typical topic of all of the papers is the dynamics of idea. a number of of the papers became minor classics and the amount bears witness of the vast scope of Gärdenfors’ learn and of his crisp and sometimes witty form of writing. the quantity might be of curiosity to researchers in philosophy and different cognitive sciences.
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They agree to marry each other. This observation is, in my 43 For an outline of some other criteria, see Peleg (1966). 40 THE DYNAMICS OF THOUGHT opinion, the precise reason why Gibbard (1974, p. ” Strategies in an equilibrium point are never dominated by any other strategy. It seems very natural to require that if a game of rights exercising has equilibrium points, then the outcome of the game should be determined by one of these equilibrium points. For the formulation of a game in normal form presented here, it is possible to construct games without equilibrium points, so this criterion on strategy choice is not universally applicable.
In support of the condition, one can mention that if there are equilibrium points in a game of rights exercising, then it can be shown, with the aid of the condition of the sovereignty of the group, that the choice of an equilibrium point will always agree with the Pareto condition on sets of social states. I believe that the distinction between the three types of Pareto condition on games of rights exercising, in connection with Nozick’s criticism, sheds some light on why Sen’s presentation of the Pareto condition in terms of restrictions on social preference orderings is misleading.
In order to illustrate the more abstract aspects of the theories, I shall present two modelings of belief revisions. 47 The theory is often referred to as the AGM modell of belief revision. This modeling operates essentially with minimal changes of epistemic states and is, in its simplest form, thus in accordance with the coherence theory. The advantages and drawbacks of each modeling will be discussed. One of the main criticisms directed against coherence models of belief states is that they cannot be used to express that some beliefs are justifications or reasons for other beliefs.