Download The Cambridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy (Cambridge by Miranda Fricker, Jennifer Hornsby PDF

By Miranda Fricker, Jennifer Hornsby

The 13 specially-commissioned essays during this quantity are designed to supply an obtainable and stimulating consultant via a space of philosophical notion and literature that has noticeable monstrous growth in recent times. They surround all of the middle topic parts more often than not taught in anglophone undergraduate and graduate philosophy classes, supplying either an summary of and a contribution to the appropriate debates. This quantity might be crucial interpreting for any pupil or instructor of philosophy who's fascinated with where of feminism of their topic.

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For many philosophers committed to logical analysis, mixing biography with theory commits a fallacy. On this view the personal life of a man who holds a belief is irrelevant to whether that belief is well founded. A proposition’s truth—the truth or falsity of Kant’s claim that reason is the basis of morality or Hume’s claim that justice is based on convenience—is logically independent of the experiential “genesis” of such ideas. How, why, or in what circumstances a philosopher comes up with an idea in no way determines the idea’s value or truth.

The modern mind claims independence from the physical body, male or female, white or nonwhite; the mind has no sex, race, or caste. If this is true, asked Lloyd, why is it that women have found philosophic reason so difficult to achieve? Why is it that women seem to resist logical, objective thought detached from passion and personal involvement? One can say that in the past women were not permitted the education and position that would have allowed them to become rational philosophers and scientists, but even now when these fields are open to women, women are still underrepresented and are not regularly named among philosophy’s leading thinkers.

The difference between Hume’s and Kant’s ethics is then one of definition and logic. The particular circumstances in which conflicting claims or arguments are made are irrelevant. Readers of philosophy learn to distinguish claims and evaluate arguments, skills that do not require knowledge of the private or personal lives of the men who made the claims. Feminist readings of philosophy that pay attention to gender relations challenge these standards of professional conduct, at the same time as they presuppose a different view of the role of philosophy.

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