Download Taiwan's Rising Rationalism: Generations, Politics, and by Shelley Rigger PDF

By Shelley Rigger

There's a frequent belief between Taiwan-watchers that the emerging percentage of islanders who establish themselves as Taiwanese is using elevated enthusiasm for an autonomous Taiwan and flagging curiosity in political rapprochement with the PRC. They understand a gentle raise of "Taiwanese nationalism," as a major situation to stabilizing cross-strait family members. This research, despite the fact that, argues that Taiwanese public opinion is more and more favorable to peaceable kinfolk within the Taiwan Strait. utilizing generational research, it indicates that whereas many older Taiwanese carry passionate perspectives approximately cross-strait family members, more youthful Taiwanese are usually pragmatic, reasonable, and open-minded. It disaggregates the elements of "Taiwanese nationalism" and exhibits that whereas the phenomenon is usual between older Taiwanese--including so much of Taiwan's present political leadership--it is much less frequent between more youthful age teams. For these born after 1950, a robust Taiwanese id frequently coexists with impartial or maybe confident perspectives of China. total generational research helps an positive overview of the way forward for cross-strait kinfolk. Attitudes which are such a lot harmful to cross-strait ties are held by way of age cohorts whose political effect is waning. more youthful Taiwanese lack the eagerness that drives latest leaders. this isn't to assert that younger Taiwanese don't feel a robust connection to Taiwan as their place of birth. For them, loving Taiwan doesn't suggest hating China. If the PRC refrains from performing in ways in which galvanize unfavourable reactions from younger Taiwanese, present developments recommend that Taiwan s public will call for greater relatives among the 2 aspects sooner or later.

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16 Taiwan’s Rising Rationalism DPP politicians of the second generation led the fight in 1991 to make Taiwan’s independence a plank in their party platform, and with a few exceptions (most notably Frank Hsieh and second-generation members of the New Tide faction) their public statements reveal them to be deeply suspicious of mainland China today. This group came to office in 2000 promising to ease restrictions on cross-strait economic relations and travel, but it has implemented few of those promises.

These international chal- Taiwan’s Rising Rationalism lenges complicated the KMT government’s effort to address growing economic and political problems within Taiwan. Where only a few years earlier there had been certainties, now there were questions. And one way or another, all these questions came down to this: without a realistic chance of recovering the mainland, on what basis could the ROC government justify itself to the Taiwanese people—and to the world? Between 1975 and 1995, Taiwan’s government completed its transit from a closed, authoritarian regime cut off from its nearest neighbor to a free, democratic society with broad ties to the PRC.

The most obvious threat to the ruling party’s position came from the international community. After two decades of existence, the People’s Republic of China seemed less likely than ever to disappear or be “recovered” by the ROC. In 1971, the ROC lost its seat in the United Nations. A year later President Richard Nixon visited China and the United States began preparations to derecognize the ROC. These international chal- Taiwan’s Rising Rationalism lenges complicated the KMT government’s effort to address growing economic and political problems within Taiwan.

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