By Siegmar-W. Breckle, Maik Veste, Walter Wucherer
Changing desolate tract parts for land use implies loads of ecological difficulties. those and similar ones are handled during this e-book masking quite a few interdisciplinary and overseas points. huge components in arid and semi-arid areas are already polluted in quite a few methods. one of many largest difficulties is the anthropogenic salinization through insufficient technique of agriculture and irrigation. also, such a lot arid parts on the planet are dramatically overgrazed. equipment and practices of a sustainable land use in deserts are urgently wanted in lots of arid areas. This e-book supplies a huge survey on a few of the affected areas of the area in addition to a few case experiences from in different places (Aral Sea, Negev desolate tract, Namib wilderness etc.). hence, easy and technologies are introduced jointly. Water administration in deserts, grazing structures or reclamation of desertified components are one of the themes of this publication, in addition to social and monetary aspects.
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Extra resources for Sustainable Land Use in Deserts
For technical assistance in many ways we have to thank Uta Breckle, Irmingard Meier and Anja Scheffer. Additionally, we have to thank many colleagues in their respective countries for their hospitality and for their help in many ways. -W. Breckle, M. Veste, W. Wucherer References Agachanjanz OE (1986) Botanical geography of the USSR. Bischeischaja Schkola, Minsk (in Russian) Archibold OW (1995) Ecology of world vegetation. Chapmann & Hall, London Barakat HN, Hegazy AI( (eds) (1997) Reviews in ecology, desert conservation and development.
More activity should be directed on using local rain-fed agriculture of natural plants for fodder or building material within or adjacent to the irrigation schemes. Also more attention has to be given to local specialities in soil, climate, flora and fauna, to open a special market for these goods. The chances of keeping the unique flora of natural deserts are widely neglected, but they open possibilities in using them as a genetic reservoir of unknown value. Education and integration of local people in the decision processes will have a wide effect on the sustainable stability of the ecology.
It is worthwhile to just briefly look at them in order to view some of the advantages and shortcomings in these either long-forgotten or still prosperous communities. The Egyptian culture was based on the yearly high flood of the Nile river, which permitted a highly diversified society to develop on the basis of a stable oversupply of food. This enabled trading of goods, either direct trading of crops or manufactured goods by people not directly involved in food production. 16 D. Keyser The Sumers living in the lower region of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers originally also developed their irrigation agriculture from natural flooding, but they soon realised that they could use natural channels from the slightly more elevated Euphrates to the lower-running Tigris for the water supply of their fields.