Download Stress, Coping, and Development, : An Integrative by Carolyn M. Aldwin PhD, Emmy E. Werner PDF

By Carolyn M. Aldwin PhD, Emmy E. Werner

How do humans do something about tense stories? What makes a coping method powerful for a selected person? This quantity comprehensively examines the character of psychosocial tension and the consequences of alternative coping innovations for model and wellbeing and fitness around the lifespan. Carolyn M. Aldwin synthesizes an unlimited physique of information inside a conceptual framework that emphasizes the transactions among brain and physique and among folks and environments. She analyzes other forms of stressors and their mental and physiological results, either unfavourable and confident. ways that coping is stimulated by means of character, relationships, situational elements, and tradition are explored. The ebook additionally offers a methodological primer for rigidity and coping learn, severely reviewing on hand measures and information research techniques.

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One can only speculate on the reasons for this interest. Perhaps watching others struggling and grieving provides a form of catharsis, a way of discharging unhappiness and anger in a safe, nonthreatening context, as the ancient Greeks thought. Thus, it may be more comfortable to express anger over crooked politicians rather than to confront directly unethical practices in our own work contexts. Perhaps interest in stress has an evolutionary function. Many studies during the past two decades have demonstrated that heightened emotions enhance memory, that is, we are more likely to remember emotionally charged events (Davidson, 2003).

We run, therefore we are afraid; we fight, therefore we are angry. Cannon (1929), however, believed that neural processing was primary (with pathways originating in the thalamus). Cannon pointed out that the viscera have very slow reaction times and that the perception of and reaction to stress takes place very quickly. , mental) processing must occur first. Schachter and Singer (1962) attempted to test the James–Lange hypothesis by injecting subjects with adrenaline in order to stimulate sympathetic nervous system arousal and then by putting them in either an aversive or a congenial environment.

Evans’s (2004) review showed that such children are exposed to higher levels of family violence and conflict, more dangerous neighborhoods, and higher levels of air and water pollution. Temporal Characteristics There are a number of temporal dimensions of stress that deserve greater study—most obviously, for example, its duration. The animal literature suggests that the physiological effects of stress may be very different, de- Definitions of Stress 31 pending upon whether the stressor is short-term, chronic, or intermittent (Dienstbier, 1989).

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