Download State of the World 2014: Governing for Sustainability by The Worldwatch Institute PDF

By The Worldwatch Institute

Citizens count on their governments to guide on sustainability. yet from mostly disappointing overseas meetings like Rio II to the U.S.’s failure to go significant weather laws, governments’ growth has been lackluster. That’s to not say management is absent; it simply frequently comes from the ground up instead of the head down. Action—on weather, species loss, inequity, and different sustainability crises—is being pushed by way of neighborhood, people’s, women’s, and grassroots hobbies all over the world, frequently towards the agendas pursued by way of governments and massive corporations.

those different efforts are the topic of the newest quantity within the Worldwatch Institute’s very popular State of the World sequence. The 2014 version, marking the Institute’s fortieth anniversary, examines either boundaries to dependable political and fiscal governance in addition to gridlock-shattering new rules. The authors learn numerous tendencies and recommendations, together with nearby and native weather projects, the increase of gain organisations and worker-owned organizations, the necessity for power democracy, the Internet’s influence on sustainability, and the significance of eco-literacy. A constant thread in the course of the e-book is that proficient and engaged electorate are key to higher governance.

The ebook is a clear-eyed but eventually positive overview of electorate’ skill to manipulate for sustainability. through highlighting either hindrances and possibilities, State of the area 2014 exhibits the right way to influence swap inside of and past the halls of presidency. This quantity might be in particular valuable for policymakers, environmental nonprofits, scholars of environmental reports, sustainability, or economics—and electorate trying to jumpstart major swap round the world.

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Consumption behavior is motivated by two desires: to meet basic wants and to gain status. Basic wants can be satisfied, but wants that are driven by status considerations are essentially insatiable. As a result, growth in industrialized economies, with their large populations of middle-class consumers, has become a zero-sum game, contributing little to individual well-being and perhaps even undermining it. 8 Some progress is being made in this area. Neuroscience and behavioral economics, for instance, have all but demolished the rational-actor model of standard economic theory.

The jurisdiction of governance can be defined by physical terrain, or by issue: the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), for example, controls no territory but exists to govern international competitive soccer, regardless of where it is played. The scope of the system governed can vary from the ultra-local to the global. Some governance systems control access to the water in a single lake, while others govern activity on all the high seas. Governance systems can be carefully designed, or they can be accidents of history.

At the individual level, behavioral science has made great progress in identifying regularities in human decision making. These regularities have been used successfully to design policies to promote sustainable behavior such as recycling and the use of energy-saving appliances, as well as other efforts to “nudge” people to make better personal choices. At the community level as well, strategies for the successful management of human and natural resources have been identified and incorporated into public policy.

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