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By Joseph Needham

Technological know-how and Civilisation in China, quantity 7 half 1 is the 1st ebook within the ultimate quantity of this certain source. The chinese language tradition is the one tradition on this planet that has constructed systematic logical definitions and reflections by itself and at the foundation of a non-Indo-European language. Christoph Harbsmeier discusses the elemental gains of the classical chinese that made it an appropriate medium for technological know-how in historical China, discussing intimately a variety of summary strategies which are an important for the advance of medical discourse. there's distinctive emphasis at the conceptual heritage of logical terminology in historical China, and on conventional chinese language perspectives on their lonesome language. ultimately the booklet offers an summary of the advance of logical mirrored image in historic China, first by way of the varieties of arguments that have been deployed in old chinese language texts, after which by way of historical chinese language theoretical matters with logical concerns.

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Additional info for Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 7, The Social Background; Part 1, Language and Logic in Traditional China

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Language in Europt'. > See Luudb

Georg von del' Gabelentz was a distinguished general linguisL His Grammatik remains recognised umit today as probably the finest overall grammati­ cal survey oftile language. Gabelcntz'sAnJangsgriindederchinesischen Grammatik(I883) is a useful supplement to the GrammaM itself. In spite of the achievements of 19th-century grammarians there remained a conviction, even among the finest scholars of the Chinese language, that Classical Chinese does not have a grammar to speak of. H. A. Giles, in the introduction to the first edition of his quite outstanding work 11 Chinese-English Dictionaryl, advocated this view.

Jja:ok (1965) provides a very fine but unfortunately short account of the Classical Chinese language. 1vloTe recent grammars including those by W. A. C. H. Dobson and R. Shadick (1968) are theoretically mOTC ambi­ lious and terminologically much more prolific. The most substantial progress in the understanding ofClassical Chinese grammar has mostly been presented in detailed papers on individual grammatical particles. F. M. Uhle's fascinating book Die Partikef wti ilm Shu-king und Sehi-king. Ein &itrag ;:,ur Grammatik des vorklassischm Chinesiseh (r880), A.

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