By Nils Böckler, Thorsten Seeger, Peter Sitzer, Wilhelm Heitmeyer
School shootings are a subject matter of analysis in quite a few varied disciplines—from psychology, to sociology to criminology, pedagogy, and public health—each with their very own set of theories. a lot of those theories are logically interconnected, whereas a few range generally and appear incompatible with one another, resulting in divergent effects approximately capability technique of prevention. during this cutting edge paintings, top researchers with regards to university shootings introduce their findings and theoretical techniques in a single mixed systematic quantity. The contributions to this paintings spotlight either the complementary findings from varied fields, in addition to situations the place they diverge or contradict one another. The paintings is split into 4 major sections: an outline of present theoretical methods and empirical types; software of those theories to overseas circumstances, together with Columbine (USA), Emsdetten (Germany), and Tuusula (Finland); a critique of the effect of the media, either within the portrayals of prior occasions and its impact on destiny occasions; and eventually an outline of latest versions for prevention and intervention, and measures in their good fortune. the result's a complete resource for present examine on college shootings, and may offer a course for destiny research.
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Additional info for School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention
W. -G. Haupt, A. Kirschner, and S. Malthaner, pp. 261–294 (New York, NY: Springer, 2010). W. de N. Böckler • T. de N. Böckler et al. 1007/978-1-4614-5526-4_2, © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 27 28 W. Heitmeyer et al. words, that they generate losses of control. To avoid having to engage with the causes of structural loss of control and to provide reassurance, the dominant public discourse aims to disassociate such phenomena from normal society. Against these ritual explanation patterns we aim to show that school shootings are related to a systematic loss of control.
2011). Soundtrack of the school shootings: Cultural script, music and male rage. Young: Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 19(3), 247–269. Larkin, R. W. (2007). Comprehending Columbine. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. 1 School Shootings: Conceptual Framework and International Empirical Trends 23 Larkin, R. W. (2009). The Columbine legacy: Rampage shootings as political acts. American Behavioral Scientist, 52(9), 1309–1326. Leary, M. , Kowalski, R. , & Phillips, S. (2003). Teasing, rejection, and violence: Case studies of the school shootings.
These initial assessments either define such crimes as semi-supernatural events, or else they pathologize them. What both these variants have in common is that they provide interpretations that exonerate society and create detachment in order to downplay the social causes and to return to “normality” as soon as possible: An “affliction” is a fateful thing about which nothing can be done, and pathological criminals can be isolated from an otherwise supposedly intact society. Both interpretations disregard the constitutive criteria of violence, as violence is a highly effective resource that is available to everyone.