By Dario Maestripieri
In additional methods than we could occasionally care to recognize, the man or woman is simply one other primate--it is unquestionably purely very hardly ever that researchers into cognition, emotion, character, and behaviour in our species and in different primates come jointly to check notes and percentage insights. This ebook, one of many few finished makes an attempt at integrating behavioral study into human and nonhuman primates, does accurately that--and in doing so, deals a transparent, in-depth examine the together enlightening paintings being performed in psychology and primatology. counting on theories of habit derived from psychology instead of ecology or organic anthropology, the authors, across the world identified specialists in primatology and psychology, concentration totally on social tactics in parts together with aggression, clash solution, sexuality, attachment, parenting, social improvement and association, cognitive improvement, social cognition, character, feelings, vocal and nonvocal verbal exchange, cognitive neuroscience, and psychopathology. They convey nonhuman primates to be way more advanced, cognitively and emotionally, than was intended, with provocative implications for our figuring out of supposedly detailed human features. Arguing that either human and nonhuman primates are exact for his or her wide selection of context-sensitive behaviors, their paintings makes a strong case for the longer term integration of human and primate behavioral examine. (20040401)
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Additional resources for Primate Psychology
Since most primate research in this area has been conducted with Old World monkeys such as macaques and vervet monkeys, the discussion begins with a section providing some basic information on the characteristics of aggressive behavior in these primates. Some of the characteristics of aggressive behavior in Old World monkeys are also shared by some prosimians, New World monkeys, and apes. Unfortunately, we know very little about the proximate regulation of aggression in these primates, and therefore behavioral research with these species is not systematically reviewed here.
These findings suggest that the relationship between testosterone and aggression is complex and mediated by social dominance rank. Perhaps the most consistent finding concerning testosterone and aggression is that during competition, winning augments testosterone and losing reduces testosterone. For example, Steklis and colleagues (1985) failed to find a relationship between overall aggression and testosterone, or social dominance and testosterone, among captive vervet monkeys. , 1985). , 1985).
Socially living primates must learn not only to recognize social cues of aggression but also to restrain and control their own impulses whenever necessary. In fact, achieving high dominance status within a troop may depend on inhibiting aggression as much as on expressing it. The contextual use of aggression is learned during a prolonged period of development in which young primates have many opportunities to observe the behavior of older individuals within their group and practice their skills with peers.