By Thomas G. Power
Play is a paradox. Why could the younger of such a lot of species--the very animals at maximum danger for damage and predation--devote lots time and effort to an task that by means of definition has no instant goal? this question has lengthy wondered scholars of animal habit, and has been the point of interest of substantial empirical research and debate. during this first finished and cutting-edge assessment of what we've got realized from many years of analysis on exploration and play in kids and animals, strength examines the anomaly from all angles. overlaying solitary job in addition to play with friends, siblings, and fogeys, he considers the character, improvement, and services of play, in addition to the gender alterations in early play styles. an incredible function is to discover the relevance of the animal literature for realizing human habit. the character and quantity of kid's play varies considerably throughout cultures, so the writer makes cross-cultural comparisons anywhere attainable. The scope is vast and the variety multidisciplinary. He attracts on experiences via developmental researchers in psychology and different fields, ethologists, anthropologists, sociologists, sociolinguists, early early life educators, and pediatricians. And he areas learn on play within the context of analysis on such comparable phenomena as prosocial habit and aggression. ultimately, energy issues out instructions for additional inquiry and implications should you paintings with youngsters and their mom and dad. Researchers and scholars will locate Play and Exploration in youngsters and Animals a useful precis of controversies, tools, and findings; practitioners and educators will locate it a useful compendium of knowledge proper to their efforts to complement play studies.
Read or Download Play and exploration in children and animals PDF
Similar developmental psychology books
A lot of the paintings on highbrow improvement separates improvement into separate developmental classes: the formation of intelligence and uncomplicated cognitive abilities that happens until eventually formative years, and the upkeep, decline, or development of those highbrow talents around the grownup lifestyles span. The separation has led to what should be man made improvement in the course of adolescence and maturity.
In a global during which youngsters express degrees of violence which are strikingly unchildlike, the query of ways to rear young ones takes on an immediacy for fogeys and psychologists. one of the matters handled listed here are no matter if actual punishment prevents extra outbreaks of violent habit or if there are methods of influencing young ones in order that punishment isn't important.
All through heritage there were efforts to aid deaf youngsters boost spoken language by which they can have complete entry to the listening to international. those efforts, even if pursued heavily and with nice care, often proved fruitless, and sometimes purely ended in passionate arguments over the efficacy of specific methods.
James M. Herzog's Father starvation: Explorations with Adults and kids will speedy take its position either as a landmark contribution to developmental psychology and as an everlasting vintage within the medical literature of psychoanalysis. we are living in an period while a very good many kids develop up with out a father, or, worse nonetheless, with fathers who traumatically abuse them.
- Lives across Cultures: Cross-Cultural Human Development
- Fairbairn’s Object Relations Theory in the Clinical Setting
- Worldview and mind : religious thought and psychological development
- Youth in Cities: A Cross-National Perspective (The Jacobs Foundation Series on Adolescence)
- Control of human behavior, mental processes, and consciousness: essays in honor of the 60th birthday of August Flammer
- Health and Education in Early Childhood: Predictors, Interventions, and Policies
Extra resources for Play and exploration in children and animals
Apes and humans have complex fingerprints with multiple ridges that provide tactile sensitivity. However, as diurnal organisms, the senses of smell and hearing are less well developed in the anthropoids. Compared to prosimians, most anthropoids have shortened muzzles, dry noses, and small, virtually immobile ears (Napier & Napier, 1985). 1. Classification of primates. Page 19 The sections that follow review the empirical research on object exploration, manipulation, and use in nonhuman animals.
What is presented is empirical research on children's exploration and play. Beyond attempting to illustrate the value of an evolutionary approach, this book does not set out to evaluate the numerous play theories that have been offered over the years. ) Children's exploration and play is much too diverse to be adequately accounted for by any single theory, so research conducted from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives is considered here. As is typical in the discipline of psychology today, ''mini-theories" devoted to specific content areas characterize most current thinking about children's play, and no single theory dominates the field.
The degree of neophobia varies with the ecological plasticity of the species as well (Greenberg, 1990). , Dashiell, 1925; Nisson, 1930) because it is not associated with an obvious, primary biological need such as eating, drinking, or procreating. In fact, animals often delay eating when hungry or risk bodily harm in order to explore (Berlyne, 1966). , Girdner, 1953; Montgomery & Segall, 1955). , Miller & Dollard, 1941). , Harlow, Harlow, & Meyer, 1950; Montgomery, 1954). In direct contrast to earlier views, such theorists argued that exploratory behavior results from a "stimulus hunger" (Barnett, 1958b), and that organisms seek out stimuli "for their own sake" (Berlyne, 1966) or to reduce a "boredom drive'' (Myers & Miller, 1954).