Download Philosophy in Classical India: The Proper Work of Reason by Jonardon Ganeri PDF

By Jonardon Ganeri

This unique paintings specializes in the rational ideas of Indian philosophical concept, instead of the mysticism extra often linked to it. Ganeri explores the philosophical initiatives of a few significant Indian philosophers and appears into the tools of rational inquiry deployed inside of those initiatives. In so doing, he illuminates a community of mutual reference, feedback, impact and reaction, within which cause is used to name itself into query. This clean viewpoint on classical Indian concept unravels new philosophical paradigms, and issues in the direction of new purposes for the concept that of cause.

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He argues that any reason adduced to refute the sceptical thesis will suffer the fault of being the same as the thesis. For if the sceptical thesis is that nothing can be known, then to refute it is to prove that something can be known. But if it is not yet established that anything can be known, one can adduce no known or established fact to prove it. So any putative reason one adduces to prove that something can be known will be the ‘same as the thesis’ in being as yet unproven. The two propositions, ‘A proves B only if A is proven in advance of B’ and ‘B = something is proven’ in combination entail that A has to be something which is proven in advance of anything being proven, and this entails that there is no such A.

For we can equally well argue as follows: sound is eternal because we do not apprehend in sound the properties of non-eternal things, just like the sky, etc. This too, on its own, would have been an admissible extrapolation. ) In the absence of any ground for preferring one of these over the other, the most reasonable thing to do is to accept neither. Behind this bogus reason is another maxim of extrapolation: when faced with equal, but opposite bases for extrapolation between which you cannot choose, do not extrapolate.

Four inferences are compared. (1) A pot is non-eternal. Sound is unlike a pot – one is tangible, the other intangible. So sound is eternal. However, we also have this. (2) An atom is eternal. Sound is unlike an atom – one is tangible, the other intangible. So sound is non-eternal. Again, we have: (3) The soul is eternal. Sound is like the soul – both are intangible. So sound is eternal. But also: (4) A thought is non-eternal. Sound is like a thought – both are intangible. So sound is non-eternal.

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