By Roxana Waterson
The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are popular for his or her dramatic structure, their strange cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial lifestyles. Paths and Rivers deals an surprisingly deep and large photo of the Sa?‚'dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the process the previous century.
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The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are renowned for his or her dramatic structure, their strange cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial existence. Paths and Rivers bargains an surprisingly deep and large photo of the Sa? ‚'dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the process the prior century.
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Extra resources for Paths and rivers: Sa'dan Toraja society in transformation
Under Dutch administration, the region was joined to the afdeeling or administrative unit of Luwu’, from which it was separated only after World War II. Within this unit, the Toraja area itself was split into two subdistricts or onderafdelingen, Ma’kale and Rantepao. Since Indonesian Independence became a reality in 1950, ‘Tana Toraja’, or ‘Toraja Land’ has been the name given to the present sub-provincial district (kabupaten or ‘regency’). Intimacies and enmities: Toraja relations with the Bugis As the close linguistic relationship might suggest, Toraja and Bugis cultures share more underlying similarities than might at first sight be supposed.
The origins of rulership in Luwu’ are thus only indirectly linked to the heroes of La Galigo, but the centrality of the motif is clear. 18 Ras 1968. These chronicles also include another motif familiar in Toraja myths of origin, the appearance of a woman from inside a bamboo. Since bamboo grows out of the ground, Ras (1968:94-7) interprets this as another kind of association with the earth or nether world. indb 13 27-1-2009 8:22:52 Malili SA’DAN TORAJA LUWU’ Sa ’da n Palopo Riv er Mamasa MANDAR MASSENREMPULU’ Enrekang Rappang Pare-Pare SIDENRENG WAJO’ SOPPENG CINA River Cenrana SAWITTO BONE Watampone TALLO’ Makassar GOWA Bantaeng SELAYAR 0 20 40 60 80 100 km Map 5.
Part Three, ‘Village life’, reflects my own experience of living in Buttang, focusing on gender relations, marriage, and the ties to the land which provide the basis for the subsistence economy which still sustains most Toraja today. Part Four, ‘Smoke of the rising and the setting sun’, concerns the indigenous religion, Aluk to Dolo or ‘Way of the Ancestors’. In it, I seek to record how a local religion was harmoniously adapted to a particular landscape and way of life, and trace the progress of its increasingly rapid decline.