By United Nations
Transboundary waters attach populations of alternative nations. they seem to be a significant resource of source of revenue for hundreds of thousands of individuals and create hydrological, social and monetary interdependencies. this is often the 1st ever in-depth document produced on Transboundary Rivers, lakes and ground-waters within the UNECE area. It goals to notify, consultant and stimulate additional motion by means of Governments, river basin corporations, overseas organisations and proper non-governmental organisations to enhance the prestige of transboundary waters.
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Additional resources for Our Waters: Joining Hands Across Borders - First Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwater
Spring floods often occur. 10 m3/s. 37 m3/s. Basin of the Oulanka River upstream of Lake Paanajarvi Source: Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE). l Bared on information pmvided by the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE). I Chapter 1 WHITE SEA. , suspendedsolids and oxygen saturation 16 , 100 Annual mean values of chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids and oxygen saturation at the Oulankajoki station (Finland) Annual mean values for total nitrogen and total phosphorus m , . ~ ~ ~ . ~ .. r 24 ~ Annual mean values of total nitrogen and total phosphorus at the Oulankajoki station (Finland) Pressure factors Transboundary impact There are no significant human activities in the Finnish part of the basin.
Due to the high flow velocity of transboundary rivers and their tributaries in mountainous areas, a number of these events are beyond the detection capability of monitoring stations. The establishment of early warning and notification systems in transboundary mountainous and lowland rivers, which is currently being promoted by assistance projects, is a promising tool for the future. Future assessments are expected to shed more light on these industrial sectorslindustries as a source of a great number of organic compounds with toxic effects as well as other hazardous substances.
The river basin lies in an area of very high sulphate deposition. The sulphate concentrations are higher and the alkalinity is lower than in the Paatsjoki River, and there is a marked decream ofalkalinih/ inthe spring. The remaining is still sufficient to avoid acid water. The nickel concentrations in the jakobselv are higher than in the Paatsjoki and copper are lower. PAATSJOKI RIVER BASIN4 Finland, Norway and the Russian Federation share the basin of the Paatsjoki River. 1 Area Country l Finland Russian Federation Country's share 14,512 k d 79% 2,782 km2 15% Source: Lapland regional environment centre, Finland.