By X. Yi-chong
An exploration of ways and why Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China and India have initiated and constructed nuclear strength courses and what demanding situations they face this day. have been the nuclear courses pushed through the low strength endowment, a wish to pursue overseas status, nationwide safety issues, environmental toxins or fiscal improvement?
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Additional info for Nuclear Energy Development in Asia: Problems and Prospects (Energy, Climate and the Environment)
20 The Politics of Nuclear Energy in Asia These alternative suggestions about solar and wind generation capacity may be appropriate for Europe and North America; it is however difficult to see how they could be adopted in many Asian countries where the population density limits the capacity of placing solar panels on rooftops. Nor are there large spare pieces of land for wind farms except in remote regions. Furthermore, given their low availability rate, wind and solar power need grid balancing backup capacities.
Asian countries are more active than many in other continents in expanding or developing their nuclear energy capacities. In 2009, worldwide construction was started on 11 new reactors, 10 of them in Asia. China alone hosted 9 reactors. 1). Three of the six countries that will have the largest installed nuclear capacity in the world by 2020 will be in Asia – China, Japan and South Korea (NEA 2008: 52). The justification for nuclear expansion and development has two components: one is that there is a close and positive correlation between energy supply and development – that is, no development can take place without energy and poor countries cannot achieve their UN Millennium Development Goals (MDG) unless a large number of citizens have access to electricity.
Most developing countries are subject to pressure from the long construction period and high uncertainty of exchange markets. As the finance minister in Indonesia recently pointed out, many Southeast Asian countries learned hard lessons from the 1997 financial crisis and have imposed tight fiscal and financial disciplines on themselves because economic confidence is crucial in developing countries. Even if they could borrow from the international financial markets, the exchange rate uncertainty would not work to their advantage.