By Megan Cassidy-Welch
Medieval Cistercians unique among fabric and imagined area, whereas the landscapes within which they lived have been perceived as either actual websites and summary topographies. Ostensibly, Cistercians lived in intensely regulated and restrained actual situations in response to beliefs of enclosure articulated within the Regula S. Benedicti. although, Cistercian representations of area additionally exhibit rules of transcendence and freedom. This monograph makes a speciality of the abbeys of northern England in the course of the interval 1132-1400 (Fountains, Rievaulx, Jervaulx, Meaux, Sawley, Roche, Byland and Kirkstall) to facilitate a microhistory of cultural, textual, body of workers and architectural comparisons. Post-twelfth century Cistercian heritage has been understudied, compared to examine into the euphoria of the order's beginning, and has tended to target 'ideals' as opposed to 'reality', while this examine considers Cistercian homes when it comes to contingency, singularity and specificity. the writer engages with the paintings of theorists similar to Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu and Henri Lefebvre, all of whom have explored the cultural creation of area and the meanings attributed to definite areas by means of summary reference, performative perform and institutional path. The research is richly illustrated with forty five photographs of the panorama and area of those homes and permits the reader to determine how one monastic order situated itself relating to geography, structure, establishment, group and cosmos, and handled the dialectic among rules and mind's eye, freedom and enclosure. Patrick Geary (UCLA) commends this learn as being 'based on a large studying of Cistercian texts and blends reliable text-critical ancient scholarship with extra conceptual techniques in a such a lot convincing way'. [Dr Cassidy-Welch is a fellow of the historical past Dept. on the college of Melbourne.]
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Additional resources for Monastic Spaces and Their Meanings: Thirteenth-Century English Cistercian Monasteries (Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum)
Ideas of historical decline also seriously undervalue the contingencies associated with historical change, sweeping together infinite experiences into one narrative. I argue that historical change may be more usefully explored in terms of its contingencies. This is another reason why I have chosen to concentrate on the study of the eight Yorkshire Cistercian houses: all of these houses were established in the twelfth-century wave of Cistercian expansion which swept across England, and all survived until the Dissolution.
Whitehead & Son, printers], 1915); The Coucher Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Kirkstall, in the West Riding of the County of York: Printed from the Original Preserved in the Public Record Office, ed. by W. T. Lancaster and W. Paley Baildon, Publications of the Thoresby Society vol. 8 (Leeds: [J. Whitehead & Son, printers], 1904); Early Yorkshire Charters, ed. by W. Farrer, C. T. Clay and E. M. Clay, 13 vols (Leeds, 1914 65); Cartularium Abbathie de Rievalle, ed. by J. Atkinson (London: Publications of the Surtees Society 83, 1889).
37 Mikkers, Speculum, pp. 4546. 38 Mikkers, Speculum, pp. 4546. For similar ideas regarding ancestry, see Aelred of Rievaulxs De Institutione Inclusarum, PL 32, col. 1462, where Aelred says that it is a question of vanity if Christs handmaid prides herself on the fact that she was born of noble parents: Vanitas est si ancilla Christi intus in animo suo glorietur se nobilis ortam natalibus. %RXQGDULHV DQG 0HPRULHV ,W LV VLJQLILFDQW WKDW WKH DFW RI UHPHPEUDQFH GLG QRW QHHG WR EH D YROXQWDU\ RQH DFFRUGLQJ WR WKH 6SHFXOXP $ QRYLFH ZDV VWLOO JXLOW\ RI ZURQJIXO WKLQNLQJ HYHQ LI WKH PHPRULHV KH EURXJKW WR PLQG ZHUH LQWUXVLRQV RU GLVWUDFWLRQV39 ([SOLFLWO\ WKHVH PHPRULHV ZHUH VDLG WR EH HYLO 7KH QRYLFH LV DGYLVHG WKDW µLI DQ HYLO WKRXJKW VKRXOG LQWUXGH >@ UHDFW DW RQFH DQG VD\ ³ZKRVH LPDJH LV WKLV"´ 2Q KHDULQJ WKDW LW LV WKH GHYLO¶V SXW DQ HQG WR LW¶40 5HPHPEUDQFH RI WKH SHUVRQDO SDVW ZDV VHHQ DV VLQIXO RU GDQJHURXV IRU D QXPEHU RI UHDVRQV 2Q D SUDFWLFDO OHYHO LW FRXOG EH DUJXHG WKDW ZLWK DQ LQGLYLGXDO¶V EHOLHI WKDW KH KDV LQGLYLGXDO ZRUWK FRPHV D SRWHQWLDO WKUHDW WR WKH DFFHSWDQFH DQG VWDELOLW\ RI WKH FRPPXQDO QDWXUH RI WKH PRQDVWLF LQVWLWXWLRQ 7KLV PD\ EH PDQLIHVWHG LQ DSRVWDV\ RU GLVUXSWLRQ 7KH SRWHQWLDO LQVWDELOLW\ RI WKH &LVWHUFLDQ QRYLFH ZDV FHUWDLQO\ RI FRQFHUQ WR DOO DEEH\V ,Q :DOWHU 'DQLHO¶V 9LWD $HOUHGL D VWRU\ LV WROG RI D VHFXODU FOHUN ZKR FDPH WR WKH PRQDVWHU\ DW 5LHYDXO[ DV D QRYLFH EXW UDSLGO\ IRXQG OLIH WKHUH WRR GLIILFXOW DQG DWWHPSWHG WR OHDYH WKH DEEH\ 7KH QRYLFH UHYHDOHG WR $HOUHG WKDW KH FRXOG QRW HQGXUH µWKH GDLO\ WDVNV¶ RU WKH IRRG DQG FORWKLQJ DQG WKDW KH ZDV µWRUPHQWHG DQG FDVW GRZQ E\ WKH OHQJWK RI WKH YLJLOV¶41 7KH WDOH RI WKH UHFDOFLWUDQW QRYLFH VKRZV QRW RQO\ WKH SUDFWLFDO GLIILFXOWLHV H[SHULHQFHG E\ VRPH QRYLFHV LQ DVVLPLODWLQJ LQWR WKH PRQDVWHU\ EXW LW DOVR VXJJHVWV WKDW WKH OXUH RI WKH RXWVLGH ZRUOG PD\ VWLOO EH VWURQJ HYHQ DIWHU WKH GHFLVLRQ WR UHPDLQ ZLWKLQ WKH FRQILQHV RI WKH DEEH\ KDG LQLWLDOO\ EHHQ PDGH 0RVW LPSRUWDQWO\ :DOWHU 'DQLHO¶V GHVFULSWLRQ RI WKH VHFXODU FOHUN UHYHDOV WKH GHVWUXFWLYH QDWXUH RI ZKDW WKH VWRU\WHOOHU GHVFULEHV DV µPHQWDO LQVWDELOLW\¶42 7KH UHDVRQ WKDW WKH FOHUN IRXQG LW VR LPSRVVLEOH WR OLYH DW 5LHYDXO[ ZDV QRW EHFDXVH WKH IRRG ZDV SRRU WKH ZRUN ZDV GLIILFXOW DQG WKH FORWKLQJ ZDV URXJK ,W ZDV DFFRUGLQJ WR :DOWHU 'DQLHO EHFDXVH WKH FOHUN¶V ZLOO ZDV FKDQJHDEOH EHFDXVH KH ZDYHUHG EHWZHHQ RQH OLIH DQG DQRWKHU DQG EHFDXVH KLV WHPSHUDPHQW ZDV LQFRQVWDQW43 7KH PHPRU\ ZKLFK FURVVHV WKH VHFXODU PRQDVWLF GLYLGH DQG LV EDVHG RQ WKH SHUVRQDO H[SHULHQFH RI WKH LQGLYLGXDO FDQ EH VHHQ DV DQ LVVXH RI ZLOO UHSUHVHQWLQJ VWDELOLW\ RQFH SHUVRQDO PHPRULHV KDYH EHHQ H[SXQJHG :KHQ 6WHSKHQ RI 6DZOH\ HQFRXUDJHG KLV QRYLFH WR UHVWUXFWXUH KLV PHPRU\ DW WKH YHU\ VWDUW RI KLV PRQDVWLF FDUHHU KH ZDV DWWHPSWLQJ WR WUDLQ WKH QRYLFH¶V ZLOO WR HUDGLFDWH WKH WHPSWDWLRQV RI WKH VHFXODU ZRUOG DQG WR PLQLPL]H SRWHQWLDO WLPHV 39 Mikkers, Speculum, p.