By Björn Hansen, Ferdinand de Haan
This publication is the 1st complete survey of modals and modal buildings within the languages of Europe. it's a collaborative attempt among students from Europe and the U.S., stemming from a workshop on Modals within the Languages of Europe in Valencia. the purpose of this booklet is to explain the houses of modals and modal buildings within the ecu sector and to check the platforms in person languages or language households from an areal and genetic point of view. For the sake of distinction, the booklet additionally appears to be like on the expression of modality in a few languages simply outdoors of Europe. The e-book contains fourteen chapters on modal structures in person languages or language households, written via specialists within the respective languages, and an introductory and concluding bankruptcy, written by way of the editors. The e-book provides either an outline of the modals within the person languages and an account of the character and standing of modals typically. It presents the reader with a theoretical account of ways modals and modal structures are grammaticalized. This theoretical account is trained by way of the parameters of grammaticalization of Christian Lehmann. those parameters have been selected simply because they're language-independent, in place of extra language particular standards (for example, the NICE-criteria for English). The parameters themselves are tested in addition for his or her suitability as a part of any concept of grammaticalization. The booklet therefore offers readers entry to a set of knowledge on modality that surpasses such a lot works during this box and in addition presents a clean viewpoint on problems with grammaticalization and language touch. it really is as a result of curiosity to students of modality, language touch and areal linguistics, grammaticalization thought and typology.
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Extra info for Modals in the Languages of Europe: A Reference Work
Jan Jan thuis is. 3. Structural scope As far as structural scope is concerned (involving the loss of syntagmatic weight), Dutch modals show an increased preference for infinitival complements in the epistemic realm. In their dynamic and deontic uses, however, they often occur without infinitive complements. The Dutch core modals have a clear liking for intransitive uses and allow for a wide range of non-infinitive arguments, which clearly distinguishes them from German and Danish modals. In Dutch, non-epistemic modals are still compatible with directional prepositional phrases (18a) and adverbs (18b), which used to be the case for English modals up to the Early Modern English period as well (see Plank 1984: 325).
In their dynamic and deontic uses, however, they often occur without infinitive complements. The Dutch core modals have a clear liking for intransitive uses and allow for a wide range of non-infinitive arguments, which clearly distinguishes them from German and Danish modals. In Dutch, non-epistemic modals are still compatible with directional prepositional phrases (18a) and adverbs (18b), which used to be the case for English modals up to the Early Modern English period as well (see Plank 1984: 325).
B. Alles muss weg. ’ Still, there has been considerably more condensation in German than in Dutch, as a number of structures without a complement infinitive are ruled out in German. Put differently, the complexity of constituents a German modal can combine with is considerably lower than in Dutch, so that its structural scope is smaller than the structural scope of a corresponding Dutch modal. e. without an infinitive, see (36a-b), uses 36 Tanja Mortelmans, Kasper Boye and Johan van der Auwera with a past participle (36c) and uses with adjectival complements (36d) are clearly out for the German modals.