Download Matvei Petrovich Bronstein and Soviet Theoretical Physics in by Gennady Gorelik PDF

By Gennady Gorelik

The brief existence and tragic loss of life of Matvei Petrovich Bronstein (1906-1938) will be noticeable as a logo of the man's time and his state. essentially the most notable beneficial properties of Soviet heritage was once the outstanding improve of its actual sciences opposed to the brutal and violent historical past of totalitarianism. Soviet advances in nuclear and house know-how shape an enormous a part of global historical past. those achievements had their roots within the 30s, while Bronstein's iteration entered technological know-how. between his neighbors have been the well-known physicists Lev Landau and George Gamow. Bronstein labored within the immense box of theoretical physics, starting from nuclear physics to astrophysics and from relativistic quantum thought to cosmology. His pioneering paintings on quantizing gravitation is going past the heritage of physics, simply because this present day the quantum idea of gravitation occupies a different position in primary physics. Bronstein used to be additionally a grasp of clinical rationalization because of his profound wisdom, enthusiasm as a instructor and a present for literature. This enabled him to write down renowned technological know-how for kids, the widest and so much responsive crew of readers. He grew to become a author with the aid of his spouse Lidiya Chukovskaya, identified now as a very good author and fighter for human rights. Bronstein's lifestyles used to be heavily intertwined with the social, old and medical context of 1 of the main tragic and exciting classes of Russian history.

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Loffe, 28 associates): teams of thermal electrical phenomena; photoelectrical phenomena; geliotechnology; the sources and receptors of short waves. Group 2. Physics of crystals (I. Kurchatov, 17 associates): teams of ferroelectrics, liquid crystals, the physics of ice and crystal formation. Group 3. The physics of metals (Y. Dorfman, 43 associates): teams of phase transformations, plastic deformations, the properties of metals under dynamic loads, the role of free electrons, the magnetic properties of surface layers.

An institute of physics and biophysics was set up in Moscow in 1918 by academician P. Lazarev, a pupil of P. Lebedev. In Petrograd, loffe, Nemenov and Rozhdestvensky set up new institutes. The Soviet government sponsored the State Institute of X-Rays and Radiology and the State Institute of Optics (GOI); very soon the former split into the Institute of X-Ray (and medical biology), the Institute of Radium (headed by V. Vernadsky) and the Physicotechnical Institute (FTI) under loffe. The FTI department of theoretical physics was very small: it consisted of Bursian, Frenkel and students of the newly organized Department of Physics and Mechanics.

At the Shenroks on Vasiliev Island 31 In fact, Bronstein demonstrated his literary talent in popular science as well. We have already mentioned his first attempt at this, Composition and Structure of the Earth, which appeared in 1929. It followed the well-trodden path of an enlightened writer sharing his knowledge with a layman. The tone was neutral; the author's enthusiasm becoming obvious in the last paragraphs The lack of space does not penn it me to discuss other thought-provoking ideas of the composition and structure of the Earth.

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