By Rudolf Blum
The recognized library of Alexandria, based round 295 BCE by means of Ptolemaios I, housed the best choice of texts within the historical international and used to be a fertile web site of Hellenistic scholarship. Rudolf Blum’s landmark examine, initially released in German in 1977, argues that Kallimachos of Kyrene used to be not just the second one director of the Alexandrian library but in addition the inventor of 2 crucial scholarly instruments nonetheless in use to today: the library catalog and the “biobibliographical” reference paintings. Kallimachos improved the library’s stock lists into volumes referred to as the Pinakes, which greatly defined and labeled every one paintings and have become in impact a Greek nationwide bibliography and the resource and paradigm for many later bibliographic lists of Greek literature. notwithstanding the Pinakes haven't survived, Blum makes an attempt a close reconstruction of Kallimachos’s inventories and catalogs in line with a cautious research of surviving assets, that are offered right here in complete translation.
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Additional resources for Kallimachos: The Alexandrian Library and the Origins of Bibliography (Wisconsin Studies in Classics)
We may assume, however, that the persons who continued his list - presumably his students followed the pattern set by him. C. If we summarize all the data on the Aristotelian Didas/cQliai which have been transmitted to us in manuscripts or inscriptions, including those that come from Kallimachos's Pina;;c Ion didaslcalOn, the following picture emerges. 86 But he made also a note a) when a poet had not produced his play himself but had had it directed by someone else (dia lu deinos, "by so-and so"), as, for example, Aristophanes had his Achamians produced by Kallistratos, or when a play had been produced after its author's death by one of his relatives, as for example the Bacchae of Euripides which were produced by the son or nephew of the same name; and b) when a poet produced an unsuccessful play in a revised version (anedidllxe)S7 which for example, Aristophanes contemplated for his Clouds but then decided not to do.
The following entries are not only in a somewhat different script but more importantly, they show also a different arrangement of lines. It is therefore implausible that the second stone carver relieved the first one immediately (thus Reisch). Rather, the part carved by the second hand is a later edition. Thus, the main part of the inscription listed only the victors of performances that had taken place until a year between 346 and 342. When its exemplar was completed, Aristotle was no longer in the city which he had left soon after Plato's death (347).
Aristotle was aided in his studies of the documents in the archives of the priests of Delphi by Kallisthenes, a nephew or grandnephew whom he had raised in his house and who had already worked in the same archives on a history of the (third) Holy War (356-346). Kallisthenes followed Alexander in 334 RC. s9 The list of the Pythionikai must have been largely completed by that time. The two editors were highly honored by the Amphi�nes, and the list which they had compiled were carved in stone around 331 RC.