By Louise Kelley
Industrial/Organizational psychologists are a slightly various crew of individuals with a standard curiosity in utilising psychology to paintings settings. this can be the belief reached by means of George Alliger within the starting bankruptcy of this quantity, environment the tone for the remainder of the booklet, which makes an attempt to extend our view of what will be regarded as I/O psychology. The authors of the person chapters are from quite a few backgrounds, now not them all at once linked to I/O psychology, they usually speak about issues equivalent to managerial good fortune and coaching, in addition to issues even more at the fringe of I/O equivalent to team-building and organizational idea. hence, this quantity makes a huge assertion concerning the capability range of our box. even as, it's going to aid circulation us in the direction of that range by way of delivering insights and data in components that are supposed to be, and have gotten a part of the area of I/O psychology. those insights into non-traditional subject matters, in addition to really fascinating ways to extra conventional components, make this quantity precious and important to just about an individual fascinated with I/O psychology.
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Additional info for Issues, Theory, and Research in Industrial Organizational Psychology
Less well known is the fact that while the social sciences have wholeheartedly accepted Kuhn's view of the way science works, natural science has proven much more resistant to it. This occurred despite Kuhn's intention to address only natural science, and to explicitly avoid addressing the social sciences. [i]t is quite the opposite in the social and psychological sciences. Kuhn's Structure had hardly appeared in print when presidential addresses to annual meetings of the American Psychological Association and American Sociological Association avowed their need for paradigms.
Further, the investigators observed that positive and negative biases toward particular names could often be traced to television programs on which the names were used. For example, One Day at a Time was a popular television program at the time. The character of Ann, on the program, was portrayed as an iron-willed, women's liberation type, and this perception was attributed to the name Ann by some subjects in the study. In a similar vein, Paunonen, Jackson, and Oberman (1987) found that people possess preconceptions about ideal personality traits associated with certain occupations.
In a sense, induction and deduction then exist together as a chicken-and-egg issue: neither can be definitively said to come first, either chronologically or in terms of importance for Industrial/Organizational psychology. Understanding science in this way should have a freeing effect for researchers: there is no "one best way" to develop theory. Having stated this, however, I should also state that I suspect that researchers differ in their predilections regarding theory, whether or not these predilections affect how they actually approach it.