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By James M. Carter

This booklet considers the Vietnam conflict in gentle of U.S. international coverage in Vietnam, concluding that the struggle was once an immediate results of failed state-building efforts. This U.S. country development undertaking begun within the mid-1950s with the bold aim of making a brand new autonomous, democratic, glossy nation under the seventeenth parallel. not anyone concerned imagined this attempt might bring about a massive and devastating warfare in lower than a decade. Carter analyzes how the us ended up scuffling with a large-scale struggle that wrecked the nation-state, generated a flood of refugees, and taken approximately catastrophic fiscal distortions, effects which truly additional undermined the bigger U.S. objective of creating a plausible country. Carter argues that, good ahead of the Tet Offensive surprised the viewing public in past due January, 1968, the crusade in southern Vietnam had thoroughly failed and additionally, this system contained the seeds of its personal failure from the outset.

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Additional resources for Inventing Vietnam: The United States and State Building, 1954-1968

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The Bolsheviks had promised, through the Comintern, established in 1919, support for revolutions against colonialism around the world. 12 In the postcolonial context, Marx’s dictum that “the country that is more developed industrially only shows, to the less developed, the image of 10 11 12 David Schmitz, Thank God They’re on Our Side: The United States & Right-Wing Dictatorships, 1921–1965 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999). Melvyn P. Leffler, A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1992), 3–9.

In a cable to General J. S. S. government as well. A month following the arrival of Lansdale, the successor to Emperor Boa Dai, Ngo Dinh Diem, arrived in Saigon. S. officials chose Diem, with Lansdale among his most ardent supporters, because he possessed a modicum of nationalism buttressed by a fierce anticommunism. 56 He was, nevertheless, a Catholic in an overwhelmingly Buddhist country, and his credibility remained a crucial question until his overthrow in late 1963. The United States steadfastly supported Diem as the best hope below the seventeenth parallel, and he was put in place as president of the new state by the summer of 1954.

On the generally increased concern over these issues following World War II, see Center for International Studies, The Objectives of United States Economic Assistance Programs (Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, January 1957). H. W. Arndt, Economic Development: The History of an Idea (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989), introduction. For an analysis of the complexities and contradictions of Russian revolutionary utopianism, see Richard Stites, Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the Russian Revolution (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).

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