By Roger Canavan
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From one of many world's prime historians? a complete narrative of the 3,000 years that experience shaped Asia's humans, tradition, and international destiny
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Extra resources for Indonesia
The wave reached speeds of 600 mph (1,000 kph). It was 80 feet (25 m) tall or more when it hit land. Two boys in western Sumatra search for their home after the December 2004 tsunami destroyed most buildings along the coast. struck the island of Sumatra, killing at least sixty people and injuring hundreds more. C. ca. 8 million First humans on Java (based on fossil evidence). D. ca. 800–900 Buddhist temple of Borobudur is built on Java. ca. 1090 First evidence of Muslims. 1512 Portuguese take control of East Timor.
East Timor was incorporated into Indonesia as its twenty-seventh province in 1976. The people of East Timor never accepted Indonesian rule. The next two decades were marked by protests for independence. To maintain control Indonesia often used extreme violence and brutality. On November 12, 1991 the Indonesian army opened fire and killed at least 270 unarmed protesters in the capital, Dili. By the late 1990s Indonesia was in crisis. Under pressure, the government finally agreed to give East Timor independence in October, 1999.
1090 First evidence of Muslims. 1512 Portuguese take control of East Timor. 1602 The Dutch East India Company takes control of Indonesia. 1799 Dutch East India Company dissolves. Dutch government takes control of the colony (Dutch East Indies). 1883 Krakatoa erupts. 1942 Japan invades Dutch East Indies. 1945 Sukarno calls for Indonesian independence. 1949 Indonesia becomes independent. Sukarno is declared president. 1962 Netherlands agrees to give up West Papua (on New Guinea) to Indonesia. 1963 Indonesia begins war (the Konfrontasi) against Malaysia.