Download Historical Dictionary of Tibet (Historical Dictionaries of by John Powers, David Templeman PDF

By John Powers, David Templeman

Tibet is a land bounded via the world’s optimum mountains, and it's the repository of an historic tradition. for hundreds of years it was once considered by way of Europeans as a distant, mystical position populated through Buddhist masters with supernatural powers and profound knowledge. not like this photo, it was a warlike kingdom whose expansionist rulers conquered an enormous empire that included a lot of valuable Asia and elements of China. Even now the Tibetan Plateau continues to be a scene of contestation, either ideologically and militarily. significant well known uprisings in 1959, 1988, and 2008 have drawn the eye of the world’s media, and its non secular academics frequently allure huge crowds once they go back and forth in another country. the location within the state is still hugely risky this present day, because the 2008 uprising—the greatest and so much common within the historical past of the region—attests.

The historic Dictionary of Tibet is the main finished dictionary released so far on Tibetan historical past. It covers the historical past of Tibet from 27,000 BCE to the current via a chronology, an introductory essay, an intensive bibliography, and over 1,000 cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital personalities, politics, financial system, overseas family members, faith, tradition, anthropology, and sociology. This publication is a wonderful entry element for college kids, researchers, and somebody eager to understand extra approximately Tibet.

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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of Tibet (Historical Dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East)

Example text

Marriage played a key role in forging relationships between the clans, but because each had its own individual interests, it was an unstable coalition, which soon began to disintegrate. gNam ri slon btsan was poisoned around 618, and his son Srong btsan sgam po inherited his position. During gNam ri slon btsan’s reign, Chinese culture began to penetrate into Tibet, particularly the lore of divination and medicine. During the Chinese Sui dynasty (581–618), a Tibetan delegation was received at the royal court.

He then married Wencheng, but they had no children, and with her husband’s passing her influence in the Tibetan court apparently came to an end. Following his return to the throne, Srong btsan’s armies continued their conquests. The kingdom of Nepal (a small state that controlled the Kathmandu Valley) became a vassal, and a military party penetrated the Indian subcontinent as far south as Tirhut in modern Bihār state. Later histories portray him as a brilliant military commander and credit him with sponsoring the creation of a Tibetan script, with decisively establishing Buddhism in the country, and with promulgating a legal code, which continued to be the basis of the Tibetan legal system until the government of the Dalai Lama was overthrown by the PRC in the 1950s.

Tibetans traditionally distinguish three main environments: (1) the major agricultural areas are designated as zhing (“fields”), and (2) thang (“plains”) refers to the level areas bordered by mountains; (3) the high ridges and mountain ranges are termed sgang (“highland”) and are generally considered to be places unsuited for human habitation. Tibetans typically have little interest in mountaineering or in exploration of remote, inaccessible regions. INTRODUCTION • 3 Mountains are obstacles to travel and trade and are the abode of powerful and capricious gods, who may cause harm to humans and are best avoided.

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