By Farid Mirbagheri
From precedent days to the current, the background of Cyprus is equipped during this helpful reference, along with 1000s of cross-referenced dictionary entries on its historic, political, social, cultural, and fiscal heritage.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Cyprus
It should be noted, however, that the Church of Cyprus is independent and has no hierarchical relation with the Church in Greece. Nowadays, Greek Cypriots are concentrated in the southern government-controlled area of the island, apart from a tiny minority that is still located on the Karpas xlii • INTRODUCTION Peninsula in the northeastern corner of the island. Turkish Cypriots are the smaller community on the island and account for only 18 percent of the population; they practice the Sunni sect of Islam, speak Turkish, and reside, by and large, in the northern sector, which is currently occupied by Turkish troops.
After World War II, amid the wave of decolonization sweeping the world, Greek Cypriots engaged in a military campaign for enosis, union with Greece. Turkish Cypriots, in response, expressed their desire for taksim, partition of the island. In the end, however, and after much political intrigue, the London-Zurich Agreements of 1959 led to the birth of an independent Republic of Cyprus and not enosis. During British rule, executive power was in the hands of the governer/high commissioner who managed the affairs of the island with the help of a group of senior British administrative officials.
1986 29 March: UN secretary-general’s “Draft Framework Agreement” is launched. 1987 Second stage of Association Agreement between Cyprus and the European Community (EC) is signed and goes into effect the year after. 1988 30 January–2 February: For the first time since 1978, Greek and Turkish government leaders meet in Davos, Switzerland. 1990 4 July: Cyprus officially submits its application for full membership in the EC. 1992 UN Secretary-General Boutros Ghali presents a new initiative for the solution of the Cyprus problem called The Set of Ideas.