Download Handbook of Evolution: The Evolution of Living Systems by Franz M (Editor), and Ayala, Francisco J (Editor) Wuketits PDF

By Franz M (Editor), and Ayala, Francisco J (Editor) Wuketits

This two-volume guide is exclusive in spanning the whole box of evolution, from the origins of lifestyles as much as the formation of social constructions and technology and know-how. the writer workforce of world-renowned specialists considers the topic from numerous disciplines, with non-stop cross-referencing with a purpose to maintain a logical inner constitution. The uniformly based contributions speak about now not only the final wisdom at the back of the evolution of lifestyles, but additionally the corresponding improvement of language, society, economies, morality and politics. the result's an outline of the historical past and techniques utilized in the learn of evolution, together with arguable theories and discussions. A needs to for researchers within the average sciences, sociology and philosophy, in addition to for these attracted to an interdisciplinary view of the prestige of evolution this present day.

Content:
Chapter 1 The Evolution of Organisms: A Synopsis (pages 1–26): Francisco J. Ayala
Chapter 2 The Evolution Controversies: an outline (pages 27–46): Michael Ruse
Chapter three the consequences of advanced Social existence on Evolution and Biodiversity (pages 47–56): Edward O. Wilson
Chapter four the idea of organic Evolution: historic and Philosophical features (pages 57–85): Franz M. Wuketits
Chapter five Evolutionary Developmental Biology (pages 87–115): Gerd B. Muller
Chapter 6 Human organic Evolution (pages 117–222): Winfried Henke
Chapter 7 Evolution on a stressed Planet: have been Environmental Variability and Environmental swap significant Drivers of Human Evolution? (pages 223–242): Peter J. Richerson, Robert L. Bettinger and Robert Boyd
Chapter eight The Human effect (pages 243–272): Bernhard Verbeek

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Additional info for Handbook of Evolution: The Evolution of Living Systems (including Hominids), Volume 2

Sample text

He believes that there is indeed a continuity, even though he himself has stressed that much of the work that was done around the turn of the century was not very Darwinian. He feels that whatever the regard for Darwin’s work, a basis was provided for the advances that were to come. I am obviously not the person to make a disinterested evaluation of this debate. I would simply say from my corner that I see no evidence to back Bowler’s claim. I believe that the evolutionists of the 1930s had themselves to break with what had gone before, and that they themselves set out deliberately to make a theory, not only at the conceptual level, but also at the social level.

Most researchers today subscribe to the ideas of the American researcher Lynn Margulis (1970, 1993), who has argued that, to make more complex cells, one needed a kind of symbiotic relationship between more primitive cells. The cell parts today, like mitochondria, perhaps once had an independent existence. Then they were incorporated within other cells and now remain there as part of a united whole. There is more after this. For instance, one needs the development of sexuality and things of this nature.

According to some paleontologists, however, the frequent discontinuities in the fossil record are not artifacts created by gaps in the record, but rather reflect the true nature of morphological evolution, which happens in sudden bursts associated with the formation of new species. The lack of morphological evolution, or stasis, of lineages such as Lingula and Sphenodon is in turn due to lack of speciation within those lineages. The proposition that morphological evolution is jerky, with most morphological change occurring during the brief speciation events and virtually no change during the subsequent existence of the species, is known as the punctuated equilibrium model of morphological evolution.

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