By Rob Bradley, Kevin A. Baumert, Navroz K. Dubash
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Additional resources for Growing in the Greenhouse: Policies And Measures for Sustainable Development While Protecting the Climate
3 (1997). UNFCCC, 2005. National Communications Annex I: Review of Information. php. htm. UNFCCC, 2001. Ongoing guidance is also promulgated by the CDM Executive Board. int/cdm/EB. UNFCCC, 2004b (Referring to type L- and L+ policies or regulations). See the GHG Protocol Initiative (convened by the World Resources Institute and World Business Council for Sustainable Development) for an example of such accounting standards at the corporate and project level. org. , Bush Administration, 2001 (Asserting that the “Kyoto Protocol would leave the United States dangerously dependent on other countries to meet its emission targets ...
As economic development has proceeded, the next issue, sustainability, has gained importance in the country’s planning. But several barriers to sustainable development concerned government policymakers, including (1) the nation’s low education level; (2) lack of adequate infrastructure; (3) poor income distribution; and (4) insufﬁcient social welfare spending. A number of these problems are encapsulated in the state of much of Brazil’s rural economy. Although signiﬁcant programs exist to help address each of these problems directly, there remains a signiﬁcant demand for jobs for workers with low education levels, as well as a need for revenue in rural areas.
As the fuel markets were liberalized, hydrous ethanol was sold in service stations at up to 90 percent of the price of gasoline (or to be more precise, gasoline/ethanol blends). This virtual elimination of its price advantage coupled with memories of the supply crunch of a decade before brought sales of neat ethanol cars down close to zero. By 2001, however, a falling ethanol price caused by stronger competition—coupled with a signiﬁcant devaluation of the national currency—revived consumer interest in neat ethanol cars.