By Martine Poux, Patrick Cognet, Christophe Gourdon
This booklet has been edited via Martine Poux, Patrick Cognet and Christophe Gourdon from the Laboratoire de Génie Chimique/ENSIACET, Toulouse. It offers an ensemble of tools and new chemical engineering routes that may be built-in in commercial processing for more secure, extra versatile, inexpensive, and ecological creation procedures within the context of eco-friendly and sustainable engineering.
Different tools for bettering procedure functionality are handled, including:
• Eco-design and procedure optimization by way of systemic approaches
• New applied sciences for intensification
• Radical switch of business techniques through using new media and new routes for chemical
These numerous equipment are totally illustrated with examples and commercial instances, making this ebook program oriented.
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Extra info for Green Process Engineering: From Concepts to Industrial Applications
X denotes the chemical substance initiating the acidification, and the molar stoichiometric ratio α represents the ratio of the number of moles of H+ per mole of X. Acidification is usually expressed in terms of mass (ηi, mole H+/kg): hi = ai Mi where Mi denotes the molecular weight of X (kg i/mole i). As mentioned before, a reference compound SO2 is used to express the acidification potential: h APi = i hSO2 Ozone depletion potential (ODP) in the stratosphere is based on the calculation of the variation in time and space of O3 concentration (δ [O3]) due to the emission of a specific gas with respect to the same amount for a reference compound, trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11, CCl3F).
Econ. 60: 673–677. , R. Scharp and H. Cabezas. 2000. The waste reduction (WAR) algorithm: environmental impacts, energy consumption, and engineering economics. Waste Manag. 20: 605–615. 2 Process Optimization Strategies Jean-Pierre Corriou and Catherine Azzaro-Pantel Introduction Many authors have taken an interest in the design of chemical processes as they became conscious about the environment and numerous methodologies have been proposed (Cano-Ruiz and McRae 1999). An important conclusion of their review is that the adoption of a strategy that considers aggressions against the environment as a design objective and not simply as a constraint on the operations allows us to imagine alternative processes that are efficient both at the economic and environmental levels.
Hazard. Mater. 41: 383–397. Narodoslawsky, M. and A. Niederl. 2006. The Sustainable Process Index (SPI). pp. 159–172. In: J. Dewulf and H. ). Renewables-Based Technology: Sustainability Assessment. , Chichester, UK. -U. Repke, G. Wozny and Y. Huang. 2010. A modular approach to sustainability assessment and decision support in chemical process design. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 49: 7870–7881. , C. Azzaro-Pantel, L. Pibouleau, S. Domenech, P. Baudet and B. Yao. 2010. Eco-efficiency analysis for chemical process design.