By Eduard Mu?hle
How did German society understand the eu East in the course of the brief 20th century? What have been the psychological maps Germans built as their photographs of the ecu East? How did those pictures regulate through the years as a result of altering political platforms and to what volume did these psychological perceptions effect political motion and the connection among Germany and japanese Europe?Tackling questions resembling those, this e-book appears on the complex dating among Germany and the eu East. Politically major, this dating used to be frequently fraught with rigidity, continuously soft and not effortless. The ebook appears on the social, cultural and political contexts that formed the German snapshot of the East throughout the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich and the Federal Republic. additionally, it charts the psychological maps that German society built with admire to unmarried constituent elements of jap Europe, equivalent to Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Baltic States and the Soviet Union.The individuals think of how the connection was once remodeled from one in every of hostility to at least one extra conciliatory in personality by means of the tip of the 20 th century.
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Extra info for Germany and the European East in the Twentieth Century (German Historical Perspectives, 17.)
II Tschechoslowakei, Pol. 1, Bd. 4. Rauschning, H. (1988), Die Abwanderung der deutschen Bevölkerung aus Westpreußen und Posen 1919–1929 (first published 1929), ed. by W. Kessler, Essen: Reimar Hobbing. Scheuermann, M. (2000), Minderheitenschutz contra Konfliktverhütung? Die Minderheitenpolitik des Völkerbundes in den zwanziger Jahren, Marburg: Herder-Institut. Schot, B. (1988), Nation oder Staat? Deutschland und der Minderheitenschutz, Marburg: Herder-Institut. Schubert Papers, Grünhaus bei Trier, Politisches Tagebuch, vol.
But, of course, Germany was also home to genuine ideological friends of the new state on Russian soil. Although we can assume without exception that they stood in a different political camp from the tactical Soviet sympathizers, we should not lump them all together. We hardly need to mention that they included members and sympathizers of the KPD, the German Communist Party, especially since a kind of exclave of Soviet socialist ideas and increasingly also of political tactics arose in accordance with the internal and externally imposed Bolshevization of this party.
But they both outfitted a vision of the future with a certainty vouched for by a philosophy of history, and they both declared any steps towards this future to be legitimate. The discourse of functional equivalence refers to this effect of ideology: escalating the Germany and the Soviet Union 41 experience of achievability to the mania of achievability that, in harmony with the necessary course of world history, accepted and justified any sacrifice. National Socialism planned the extermination of the Jews and the enslavement of the Slav Untermenschen (especially the Bolsheviks), Stalinism the extermination of the class enemy and the elimination of all ‘saboteurs’ and ‘deviationists’.