By Cecilia Ng, Swasti Mitter
Within the discourse on info and communications applied sciences (ICTs), the focal point has been at the, occasionally detrimental, relocation of jobs from the constructed international. This publication focuses, as an alternative, at the features of the advent of ICTs and indicates how they could empower ladies and make a distinction in contemporary asymmetric improvement method. It illustrates, with case reviews from Argentina, Morocco, India, Malaysia and the Philippines, how financial empowerment can swap the location of girls inside their households and workplaces.
This ebook indicates how to:
- distinguish among liberal and neo-liberal theoretical paradigms whereas interpreting `informational capitalism';
- interrogate the silence and ambiguity between students and practitioners concerning gender equality, ICTs and human development;
- steer clear of implementing canons of Western feminism in assessing some great benefits of e-trade in societies the place social norms are diversified; and
- include feminist rules of inclusion, user-developer interplay and transparency whereas designing ICT initiatives.
Gender and the electronic Economy is a wonderful source for educational researchers, NGOs and analysists within the box of overseas improvement communication.
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Extra resources for Gender and the Digital Economy: Perspectives from the Developing World
At the present rate of development, Bhutan, for example, would take until 2050 to achieve the teledensity that Singapore has today. The ITU reports that fewer than two in 10,000 Cambodians and Vietnamese use the Internet, while nearly 3,000 out of every 10,000 Singaporeans do so. Of the more than 300 million people connected to the Web Note: Figures for Zambia, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Senegal were taken from Hafkin and Taggart (2001) and refer to the year 2000. Source: World Telecommunication Development Report 2002, ITU.
The Remote Services or ITES that refer to relocated back office operations open up opportunities for women. 2). There are various types of back office services requiring different levels of skills from women and men, and there is a discernible trend in hiring women in operations that require less complex skills. The recent qualitative case studies in India (Mitter and Sen, 2000) indicate that women are concentrated in those areas that need routine or discretionary skills. Women are less visible in specialized GLOBALIZATION, ICTS, AND ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT 41 areas of back office operations.
These new opportunities are welcome in the region where youth unemployment is particularly high. There is no uniform pattern in the dynamics of call centers. The business is not always exportoriented. In Malaysia, call centers are geared primarily towards finance, banking, and airlines companies of Malaysia. In India, in contrast, entrepreneurs in the business of call centers target multinationals, such as British Airways or American Express. Surveys in India and Malaysia by my research colleagues indicated that the proportion of women in the total workforce varies from 40–70 percent.