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By Roberta Gilchrist

Gender and Archaeology is the 1st quantity to severely evaluate the advance of this now key subject across the world, throughout a number sessions and fabric tradition. ^l Roberta Gilchrist explores the importance of the feminist epistemologies. She indicates the original viewpoint that gender archaeology can carry to undergo on matters akin to department of labour and the existence path. She examines problems with sexuality, and the embodiment of sexual id. a considerable case learn of gender house and metaphor within the medieval English citadel is used to attract jointly and illustrate those matters.

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1994: 142; Dommasnes et al. 1998: 105). Does this imbalance in the numbers of men and women affect the nature of archaeological knowledge? Would archaeology be a very different discipline if there were equal numbers and opportunities for women and men? As Joan Gero has asked, do women produce a different kind of knowledge, or construct knowledge by different processes? (Gero 1991: 98). To address this issue, Gero reviewed the contrasting approaches that male and female archaeologists have adopted in the study of lithics.

Apparently this transformation was not the result of a specific feminist programme (Haraway 1989; Zihlman 1997; Fedigan 1997); instead, a radical rethinking of human origins was stimulated by the work of women primatologists studying female non-human primates. The belief that humans evolved gradually, as a result of adaptive change, became fashionable in the second half of the nineteenth century, following the landmark publication of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species (1859). Darwin’s key concept of ‘selection’, in which populations reproduced selectively to improve features that would complement their environment, left the issue of human sexual difference unexplained.

Here we see a return to evolutionary essentials, the sexual division of labour and reproductive roles. Ortner proposes that male dominance emerges because male domestic responsibilities (such as hunting) are more episodic, allowing greater time for male congregation. She cites Jane Collier and Michelle Rosaldo’s view that male power relations are grounded in violence (1981) and Peggy Sanday’s cross-cultural evidence for male aggressiveness (1981). This is another assertion of universals, a gauntlet which must be addressed by masculinist studies (for discussion see pp.

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