By Raka Ray
The women's stream in India has an extended and wealthy heritage during which hundreds of thousands of normal girls stay, paintings, and fight to outlive with a view to remake their relatives, domestic, and social lives. no matter if struggling with for secure birth control, literacy, water, and electrical energy or resisting sexual harassment, a colourful and energetic women's circulation is prospering in lots of components of India today.
Fields of Protest explores the political and cultural situations lower than which teams of girls manage. beginning with Bombay and Calcutta, Raka Ray discusses the construction of "political fields" -- established, unequal, and socially built political environments during which enterprises exist, flourish, or fail. In different phrases, women's companies usually are not self sufficient or loose brokers; really, they inherit a "field" and its accompanying social kinfolk, and once they act, they act in keeping with it and inside it. Drawing at the literature of either social events and feminism, Ray analyzes the extraordinary alterations among the routine in those cities.
Using an leading edge and comparative viewpoint, Ray deals a distinct examine Indian activist ladies and provides a brand new measurement to the examine of women's hobbies on a world point.
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Extra resources for Fields of Protest: Women’s Movements in India
Because of prevalent narrow conceptions of "feminism," the concerns of FROM LIVED EXPERIENCES TO POLITICAL ACTION 25 Calcutta's movement are often taken as proof that feminism has not really arrived in that city. How can these differences be explained? 2 There would, after all, be no need for a movement focused on affordable child care if child care were free, no call for stricter punishment of rapists if there were no rape, and no demand for working women's hostels if single women did not work outside the home.
Poverty, high male unemployment, and an increase in jobs in certain sectors have contributed to this increase in labor force participation. 8 Women in Calcutta were once employed in substantial numbers in manufacturing—particularly in jute and textiles—in the early part of this century. Today there are few women left in jute manufacture, once the largest employer of female labor (Standing, 1991). In a recent study of women workers in export industries in Calcutta, however, Nirmala Banerjee (1991) found that the number of women employed in the garment industry was increasing, although men still controlled the skilled and well-paid jobs.
Chapter 2 From Lived Experiences to Political Action One Saturday, in the midst of my fieldwork in India, I attended a monthly meeting at the Women's Centre in Bombay, coordinated by Lata, one of the Centre's full-time workers. " These women and others told me that the Women's Centre had given them himmat (courage), the feeling that they weren't alone, the feeling that something could be salvaged out of their lives. The scheduled topic of the day was women's control over their bodies, and Lata encouraged them to open up by asking the women questions about their childhood.