By Richard Hillestad, Ben D. Van Roo, Keenan D. Yoho
Effective move of freight in the usa and throughout its borders is a severe enabler of destiny U.S. financial progress. The authors offer an summary of the freight-transportation procedure and the issues it faces, concluding with a dialogue of key system-modernization concerns, together with expanding means, making the procedure much less liable to disruption, addressing environmental issues, and development help for investment.
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Extra resources for Fast-Forward: Key Issues in Modernizing the U.S. Freight-Transportation System for Future Economic Growth
Freight Weight and Value, by Domestic, Import, and Export, 2007 14,000 Billions of dollars—2007 Millions of tons—2007 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 Domestic Exports Imports 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Domestic Exports Imports SOURCE: Derived from Freight Facts and Figures 2008 (Federal Highway Administration, Ofﬁce of Freight Management and Operations, 2008). 1 3 Note that the waterway movements are inland waterways and not international shipping. In this monograph, we do not address freight moved by pipeline or air; rather, we focus our attention solely on the surface supply chain.
S. greenhouse-gas emissions, and freight transportation accounts for about 25 percent of that. S. ports polluted the air with more sulfur dioxide than all of the cars in the sates of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut combined” (Bailey, 2004). S. nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions and 35 percent of fine particulate matter. Increasing freight-movement efficiency should reduce greenhouse gases and polluting emissions, as well as generally decreasing the cost of freight movement. Elements of a robust solution include the following: t Implement direct mitigation.
Increasing truckload factors through IT-based load management, scheduling, and routing could reduce local truck trips. t Make the most efficient use of various modes of transporting freight. In cost per ton-mile, trucks are less efficient than trains and barges. To the extent that goods can be shipped economically by rail and barge rather than by truck, the energy and environmental impacts can be reduced. However, because routes available for these other modes are limited and the service they provide is generally slower and more uncertain, this alternative is inefficient for local deliveries, largely done by truck, and is difficult for most regional deliveries involving distances of less than 500–1,000 miles.