Download Encyclopedia of the U.S. Government and the Environment 2 by Matthew J. Lindstrom Ph.D. PDF

By Matthew J. Lindstrom Ph.D.

At a time whilst altering the nation's environmental coverage is a best presidential precedence, with a brand new worldwide weather switch treaty deep in negotiations, and with the rustic itself weighing the necessity for motion opposed to matters over an excessive amount of govt rules, this exhaustive new reference paintings couldn't be extra welcomed.Encyclopedia of the U.S. executive and the surroundings: heritage, coverage, and Politics explores the interplay among the government and environmental politics and coverage in the course of the nation's background, from the earliest efforts to maintain lands and keep watch over pollutants to the Nineteen Sixties emergence of the fashionable environmental flow, the landmark laws of the Nineteen Seventies, and the seesawing back-and-forth of guidelines among alternating Republican and Democrat administrations of the final 3 many years. Authoritative, impartial, and trained via the most recent on hand examine, the masses of entries hide the whole diversity of matters, occasions, legislation, associations, and key avid gamers that form federal environmental guidelines, incorporating viewpoints from around the ideological spectrum.

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of the U.S. Government and the Environment 2 volumes : History, Policy, and Politics

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It also influenced environmental law and policy in a new ethical direction. When journalist George Bird Grinnell in 1886 wrote an article in Forest and Stream magazine encouraging readers to help him create ‘‘The Audubon Society,’’ it was with the goal of protecting birds against the demands of fashion (Serrin and Serrin, 2002, 227–229). Enormous numbers of birds were captured for their plumes in the late 1800s. Appealing to industrial as well as less technologically invested special interests, Grinnell explained how the slaughter of birds injured farmers, who needed them to eat the insects and rodents that destroyed crops.

The rough country that had been a source of national pride and identity had stood in stark contrast to the Old World’s cramped and artificial conditions. During the Romantic movement, the country’s attitude shifted to include aesthetic value. The United States was outgrowing the idea that wild, natural mountains and forests were horrible and something to be conquered and tamed. The change brought with it an enthusiasm for the primitive. Early sociologist and political scientist Alexis de Tocqueville returned from a trip through the Michigan wilderness in 1831 declaring the journey left him with a vague distaste for civilized life, that the backwoods stimulated a sort of primitive instinct in him that ‘‘makes one think with sadness that soon this delightful solitude will have changed its looks’’ (Nash, 1963, 6).

Senate. S. energy, greater energy efficiency, and domestic sources of renewable energy. gov). S. S. automobile manufacturers. 5 miles per gallon by 2016. The agreement is the most substantial federal government action to address automobile fuel efficiency since 1975, when President Ford and Congress established the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards after the 1973 OPEC oil embargo. What were considered as solely environmental issues in the second half of the twentieth century are now largely understood by national policymakers as interrelated with other public policies.

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