By Noonan Norma C, Carol R. Nechemias
A entire source profiling members and enterprises linked to Russian women's pursuits from the early nineteenth century to the post-Soviet period. Contributions via nearly fifty authors from the U.S., Russia, Europe, and Canada concentration upon the fight of girls to alter their society and develop their gender pursuits. ladies activists pursued development in academic possibilities, fought for suffrage, demonstrated journals, and sought to rework women's awareness and identify women's reports courses and women's crises facilities. They have been a powerful voice opposed to the tsarist regime and the oppression of communism. Their goals have been as different as their suggestions, which ranged from incremental reform, to terrorism, to the institution of women's electoral organizations.
This quantity encompasses a finished word list of time period and words and a chronology to assist placed occasions and advancements into historic context. Entries are totally cross-referenced and are by means of urged readings. This booklet might be of curiosity to scholars and students of Russian background and politics, women's historical past and gender studies.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of Russian Women’s Movements
When the tsarist government, alarmed by rising revolutionary propaganda, barred further study in Zurich, Figner decided to study in Berne, leaving her apolitical husband behind. In 1875 Figner had to make a difficult decision: whether to continue her studies or return to Russia, where recent arrests had decimated populist groups. She decided to give up her dream of becoming a doctor for the greater goal of socialism, which she could spread while working as a fel’dsher (medical assis- Figner, Vera Nikolaevna 21 tant).
The St. Petersburg Women’s Polytechnical Institute was organized in 1906. Women’s medical institutes were opened in Odessa in 1909 and Kharkov in 1910, and medical faculties were added to the women’s courses in Moscow and Kiev. Commercial ventures in higher education for women increased in number and range, but only a very few attempted a full university program. Two major public coeducational institutions opened their doors: the Psycho-Neurological Institute in St. Petersburg and the Shaniavskii Municipal University in Moscow.
Natal’ia and Herwegh carried on a yearlong love affair, sanctioned by the philosophies of Sand and kept secret from Alexander. When Alexander accidentally discovered the liaison, husband and wife eventually reconciled. Natal’ia was sickly and weak from worry and numerous stillborn births and died soon after in 1852. The tragic life story of Natal’ia Herzen illustrates the difficulties facing women of her generation who, with few outlets for political and social emancipation, attempted to free themselves through exalted romantic and sexual liaisons.