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By Dante Cicchetti, Donald J. Cohen

Developmental Psychopathology, quantity three, hazard, sickness, and model offers a lifestyles span developmental point of view on "high-risk" stipulations and psychological problems. furthermore, it examines developmental pathways to resilient version within the face of adversity.

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Extra resources for Developmental Psychopathology, Risk, Disorder, and Adaptation (Volume 3)

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In short, the association between social support and stress is complex. Support may be related to the prevention of stress, so that individuals in supportive networks encounter difficult circumstances less often than do those in small or disconnected networks. Support may also be a stress buffer such that heightened social support 12 Social Support and Developmental Psychopathology is associated with reduced levels of stress. However, although stress may lead to a mobilization of support networks and thus a reduction of stress, social support and stress may also be negatively associated because of the impact of stressful events on a person’s access to and willingness to enlist supportive assistance.

Patterson’s longitudinal studies have shown how such coercive interpersonal processes become generalized by children beyond the family and contribute to the development of antisocial behavior. Although parental practices within these families are not motivated by socially supportive intentions, this work illustrates the ways that aversive parent-child interactions contribute to the development and maintenance of psychopathological conduct through relational influences that victimize the entire family.

Childhood and adult depression also illustrates how social support may be least available to individuals who urgently need it, owing to the reactions of potential benefactors and recipients of support (see reviews by Cohen & Wills, 1985; Coyne & Downey, 1991; Robinson & Garber, 1995). The anhedonia of depressive symptomatology is typically accompanied by social withdrawal together with irritability and hostility, passivity, self-denigration, dependency, and a sense of helplessness and hopelessness.

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