By Michael L. Wehmeyer, Karrie A. Shogren, Todd D. Little, Shane J. Lopez
This quantity examines the developmental features of the final mental build of self-determination. The time period refers to self- (vs. other-) prompted action―to humans performing volitionally―as in keeping with their very own will. study carried out within the fields of psychology and schooling indicates the significance of self-determination to adolescent improvement and optimistic grownup results. the 1st a part of this quantity provides an summary of theories and old antecedents of the build. It seems to be on the position of self-determination in significant theories of human agentic habit and of adolescent improvement and individuation. the second one a part of the amount examines the developmental origins and the trajectory of self-determination in early life, formative years, and maturity, and appears as getting older points. the subsequent half offers experiences at the evolutionary elements, person transformations and fit mental improvement. The final a part of the publication covers the advance of causal and agentic potential.
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Additional resources for Development of Self-Determination Through the Life-Course
Identity/purpose development occurs across the lifespan, but it is particularly acute during adolescence as a neurobiological push to integrate cognition and affect appear to promote questioning related to valuing and meaning. Although issues of identity/purpose extend into young adulthood and beyond in contemporary Western society, it remains a central task for adolescents (puberty through high school). , strive toward goals (Hill et al. 2013). Erikson’s stage of identity development has dominated Western psychology and research, although it is important to keep in mind identity was but one stage of Erikson’s lifespan theory of psychosocial development (Erikson 1950, 1968).
Organismic aspirations can be understood as the drive to be active contributors to, or agents of, one’s behavior. Thus an agentic person, driven by organismic aspirations, seeks to be the origin of his or her actions (Little et al. 2002). Human agentic theories assume that actions are volitional and that an agentic person uses self-regulated and goal-directed agentic actions to “plot and navigate a chosen course through the uncertainties and challenges of the social and ecological environments… continuously interpreting and evaluating actions and their consequences” (Little et al.
1994). Puberty and Experience-Dependent Neuroplasticity Although the rapid neuronal growth and restructuring during adolescence occurs across cortical regions, it is particularly concentrated in prefrontal cortex (PFC). PFC is implicated in numerous higher-order cognitive processes, including metacognition, prospective thinking, planning and organization, executive function, and response inhibition (Casey et al. 2008; Keating 2004; Luna and Sweeney 2004; Spear 2000). One of the results of changes in PFC is the “top-down” or cognitive coordination2 of goal-directed thought and action.