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By J. K. Sengupta

Jati okay. Sengupta examines the marketplace dynamics of the evolution of and the effect of recent expertise with R&D and data capital. The ebook builds the speculation of suggestions within the contexts of the high-tech industries of at the present time resembling computing and telecommunications.

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Extra resources for Competition and Growth: Innovations and Selection in Industry Evolution

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S. (1994): Competition, evolution and the capital market. Metroeconomica 4, 127-54. Nelson, R. and Winter, S. (1982): An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Competition and Growth 35 Novshek, W. (1980): Cournot equilibrium with free entry. Review of Economic Studies 47, 473-86. Schumpeter, ]. (1942): Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Harper and Row, New York. K. (1990): Transformations in Stochastic DEA models. Journal of Econometrics 46, 109-23. K.

This price is called the limit price, that is, entry-preventing price. Selection and Evolution of Industry 45 The above view of entry however is too deterministic. In most realistic situations the dominant firm has imperfect knowledge of the market and the uncertain state of potential entry. Also in the dynamic situation market tends to grow or decline. We consider here a dynamic limit price model under conditions of stochastic entry and a positive rate of growth of market, which represent most of the high-tech industries like computers and telecommunications today.

The first equation predicts less entry with higher entry barriers, while the second equation says that ceteris paribus less exit will occur with higher profits and higher barriers. Mata (1995) estimated the system for Portuguese manufacturing over the period 1978-82. The BTE vector included product differentiation (PAT), economies of sale (LMES) and a measure of the degree of sunkness of machinery and equipment capital (SUNK). To control for different industry sizes, the logarithm of employment in the industry in 1982 (LSIZE) is included in the list of explanatory variables.

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